Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1648

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common in Mountains, uncommon in Piedmont

Look for it in acidic coves, dry-mesic oak forests, bluff forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
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partial shade shade ...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Plant caulescent (with an obvious, leafy, above-ground stem). Leaves alternate
Leaf blade glabrous or glabrate

FLOWER:
Spring
Yellow
Bilaterally symmetrical
Lateral petals bearded
5 sepals
5 petals
5 stamens

FRUIT:
Spring
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Malpighiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Viola hastata   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Viola hastata   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 130-02-019:
Viola hastata   FAMILY Violaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Halberd-leaf Violet, Spearleaf Violet, Halberd-leaved Yellow Violet, Silverleaf Violet


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Viola hastata

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_viha2_001_lvd

        

image of Viola hastata

JK Marlow    jkm0403c_04

March    Oconee County    SC

Oconee Station/Station Cove

Petals yellow, purplish on the back, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Viola hastata

JK Marlow    jkm070324_027

March    Greenville County    SC

Lateral petals bearded, per Violaceae of the Southeastern US. Castanea (McKinney & Russell, 2002).

image of Viola hastata

JK Marlow    jkm070324_031

March    Greenville County    SC

image of Viola hastata

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu25408

April    Clay County    NC

image of Viola hastata

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu25408b

April    Clay County    NC

Leaf blades hastate, distinctly longer than wide. Leaf bases strongly cordate, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Viola hastata

JK Marlow    jkm0304d_15

April    Oconee County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Andrew Pickens Ranger District

image of Viola hastata

JK Marlow    jkm0404t_35

April    Oconee County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Andrew Pickens Ranger District

Sepals of chasmogamous flowers eciliate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Viola hastata

JK Marlow    jkm0404t_36

April    Oconee County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Andrew Pickens Ranger District

Capsule 6-7mm long, glabrous, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Viola hastata

JK Marlow    jkm100402_099

April    Oconee County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

image of Viola hastata

JK Marlow    jkm140412_925

April    Transylvania County    NC

image of Viola hastata

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_viola_hastata_2

April        

A "leafy-stemmed" Violet species bears flowers in the leaf axils, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Viola hastata

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmvhastata_leefalls2

April?    Oconee County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Andrew Pickens Ranger District

image of Viola hastata

Tim Spira    tpsvhastata

Month Unknown