Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Solanales
Dig deeper at SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria.
Check out EDDMapS.org to see where this has been reported.
See more pictures at www.invasive.org.
Read more about Tropical Soda-apple at Vascular Plants of North Carolina.
To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.
Larry Trekell, Bugwood.org bug_5431749
Petals first extended, then recurved. Yellow to white fused stamens project, per A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests.
Florida Division of Plant Industry Archive, Bugwood.org bug_5294047
Ripe berry yellow, immature berry green with white mottles, per Weakley's Flora (2012).
Charles T. Bryson, USDA Agricultural Research. Bugwood.org bug_1115037
Leaves 6-8" long x 2-6" wide, hairy, with pointed lobes, per Invasive Plants, Guide to Identification, Impacts and Control.
G. Keith Douce, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org bug_1791084
An upright, thorny, perennial subshrub or shrub, 1-2m in height, per A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests.
Florida Division of Plant Industry Archive, Bugwood.org bug_5290022
Month Unknown FL
Leaf veins and stem covered with 0.5-1" long spines, per Invasive Plants, Guide to Identification, Impacts and Control.
Julia Scher, Federal Noxious Weeds Disseminules, USDA APHIS ITP, Bugwood.org bug_5376822
Each berry produces 200-400 reddish-brown seeds, per A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests.
Karan A. Rawlins, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org bug_5498789
Lvs shallowly lobed (sinus typically <1/3 the distance from margin to midvein), per Weakley's Flora.
Non-native: South America
Habitat: Pastures, per Weakley's Flora
NEW! Click here to see a map from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US showing range and abundance.
Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)
This plant is causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:
- Alabama Invasive Plant Council, 2012
- Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2006
- SC Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2014
- SC List of Regulated Pest Plant Species, 2017
- Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2009
- US Forest Service Southern Research Station
- USDA Federal Noxious Weeds, 091820
- Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation, 2014
IS THE PLANT "ARMED"?
Stems, and often leaves, prickly and/or spiny
Leaves have petioles.
5-parted rotate corolla
Mottled green turning to yellow
TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!
- Invasive Plants, Guide to Identification, Impacts and Control p073
- A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests p056
- Nonnative Invasive Plants of Southern Forests p66