Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1411

Subshrub; Forb
Perennial

Non-native: South America
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon (rare in NC)

Look for it in pastures, per Weakley's Flora

map
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INVASIVE

This plant is causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

Alabama Invasive Plant Council, 2012
Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2006
SC Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2014
SC List of Regulated Pest Plant Species, 2017
Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2009
US Forest Service Southern Research Station
USDA Federal Noxious Weed List, 093014
Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation, 2014

 

full sun ...Variable

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate
Leaves have petioles.

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
White
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
5-merous
5-lobed calyx
5-parted rotate corolla
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Mottled green turning to yellow
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Solanales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Solanum viarum   FAMILY Solanaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Solanum viarum   FAMILY Solanaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Tropical Soda Apple


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Solanum viarum

    wwwgalvbayinvasives_tsa1

        

www.galvbayinvasives.org/Guide/Species/SolanumViarum

image of Solanum viarum

    wwwgalvbayinvasives_tsa2

        

www.galvbayinvasives.org/Guide/Species/SolanumViarum

image of Solanum viarum

Larry Trekell, Bugwood.org    bug_5431749

May?        

Petals first extended, then recurved. Yellow to white fused stamens project, per A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests.

image of Solanum viarum

Florida Division of Plant Industry Archive, Bugwood.org    bug_5294047

June?        

Ripe berry yellow, immature berry green with white mottles, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Solanum viarum

Charles T. Bryson, USDA Agricultural Research. Bugwood.org    bug_1115037

Month Unknown        

Leaves 6-8" long x 2-6" wide, hairy, with pointed lobes, per Invasive Plants, Guide to Identification, Impacts and Control.

image of Solanum viarum

G. Keith Douce, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org    bug_1791084

Month Unknown        

An upright, thorny, perennial subshrub or shrub, 1-2m in height, per A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests.

image of Solanum viarum

Florida Division of Plant Industry Archive, Bugwood.org    bug_5290022

Month Unknown        FL

Leaf veins and stem covered with 0.5-1" long spines, per Invasive Plants, Guide to Identification, Impacts and Control.

image of Solanum viarum

Julia Scher, Federal Noxious Weeds Disseminules, USDA APHIS ITP, Bugwood.org     bug_5376822

Month Unknown        

Each berry produces 200-400 reddish-brown seeds, per A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests.

image of Solanum viarum

Karan A. Rawlins, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org     bug_5498789

Month Unknown        

Lvs shallowly lobed (sinus typically <1/3 the distance from margin to midvein), per Weakley's Flora.