Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas and Georgia

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Other plant databases & plant-related sites

PLANTS National Database

Flora of North America

The Flora of North America north of Mexico (usually referred to as FNA) is a collaboration of more than 800 authors describing the plants of North America.

Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States

A comprehensive and up-to-date resource sorting out the names, relationships, and identifying characters of southeastern flora as they are currently understood. By Alan S. Weakley.

Vascular Plants of North Carolina

This website will eventually provide a compendium of all of the vascular plant taxa known to occur in North Carolina, or to have been reported as occurring in the state, with information on the relative rarity or abundance of each taxon, information on the geographic range, habitat, flowering and fruiting periods, and comments on the taxonomy and other notable features of each taxon.
As of January 2019, species accounts have been completed for all native woody species (trees, shrubs, and woody vines).

Grass Manual on the Web

Materials for this website were developed as a part of the Manual of Grasses for North America project.

NatureServe Explorer

An authoritative source for information on more than 65,000 plants, animals, and ecosystems of the United States and Canada. Explorer includes particularly in-depth coverage for rare and endangered species.

Angiosperm Phylogeny Website

A set of characterizations of all orders and families of extant angiosperms (flowering plants) and gymnosperms, i.e. all seed plants.

Phytoneuron: Digital Publications in Plant Biology

A venue for digital publication of miscellaneous reports on taxonomy, floristics, and geographical distribution of vascular plants.

Georgia Plant Conservation Alliance

A network of more than 40 Georgia universities, botanical gardens, zoos, state and federal agencies, conservation organizations, and private companies that are committed to ecological land management, native plant conservation, and protection of rare and endangered plants.

Rare Plants of North Carolina

Federally listed species and their congeners.

South Carolina Plant Conservation Alliance

Conserving rare plants for future generations.

SERNEC: Southeast Regional Network of Expertise and Collections

SERNEC is networking 230 herbaria in 14 southeastern states to make their collections electronically available and searchable.

University of South Carolina Herbarium

University of Tennessee Vascular Plant Herbarium

Biota of North America Program (BONAP)

A program whose goal is to develop a unified digital system for assessing the North American biota, including taxonomy, plant distribution maps, wetland plant list, and more.

South Carolina Plant Atlas

The purpose of this Atlas is to show, on a county by county basis, the distribution of all native and naturalized ferns, fern allies, gymnosperms, and angiosperms of South Carolina.

NCU Flora of the Southeastern United States

The goal of the NCU Flora of the Southeastern United States is to provide information on the collection records, ecology, geographic distribution, and taxonomic concepts of the vascular flora of the region, including a distribution map and related information for each species.

Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants

A comprehensive searchable database of vascular plants in the State of Florida.

The Diversity of Life websites provide fast databased images, cladograms, phylogenies, diagnostic keys and nomenclature for a vast number of plants and animals.

Poisonous Plants of North Carolina

Plant Information Center

The intent of the Plant Information Center (PIC) is to connect the research community and the general public (including school children) so that primary research materials owned by the University of North Carolina can be made available to these new audiences and that expert knowledge may also be shared. PIC is also driven by the desire to nurture the interest and enthusiasm of these audiences in the study of trees, plants, and natural history.

Wildflower Coloring Pages

Color and learn about wildflowers and noxious weeds! from the United States Forest Service.

Catesby in the Classroom:
Students Explore the Intersection of Art and Science

Illustrations from the 16th century naturalist Mark Catesby's The Natural History of Carolina, Florida, and the Bahama Islands are the foundation of lesson plans designed to help students learn more about the importance of observation and the relationship between art and science. Developed as part of a collaboration with the Catesby Commemorative Trust and the College of Charleston.

Opening the World through Journaling:
Integrating art, science, and language arts

A curriculum that teaches children to become keen observers of the natural world by drawing and writing about the plants and animals in situ. It is geared primarily towards children age 8 and up and will work in a multitude of settings from school yards, camps, and nature centers to family outings. From the California Native Plant Society.

Invasive Plant Education Initiative and Curriculum

Created to provide educators with the information and resources needed to teach students about the harmful impacts some non-native, invasive plants are having on our natural areas and neighborhoods, with the ultimate goal that today’s youth would draw on this knowledge as they mature into responsible environmental stewards. From UF/IFAS Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants.

Non-native and Invasive Forest Plants Workshops for Landowners

Guide to the Trees of North Georgia and Adjacent States

This site is currently focused on the identification of the trees found in the northern half of Georgia, northern Alabama, Tennessee, Kentucky, western Virginia, western North Carolina, and northern South Carolina. In the future, more species of trees will be covered and then wildflowers, ferns and shrubs. By Richard Ware.

Wildflowers, Shrubs, Trees, and Vines of North Carolina

Photographs and information on various species of North Carolina wildflowers, shrubs, trees, and vines. All species of each genus are pictured together on a single page for easy comparison. By Jeff Pippen.

Trees, Shrubs, and Woody Vines of North Carolina

Included in this website are about 450 species accounts with photographs and ID tips, a key to help you identify common Piedmont tree species from their leaves. By Will Cook.

Pines of South Carolina

Tree Identification Fact Sheets from Virginia Tech

Tree Identification for South Carolina

Field Guide to Native Oak Species of Eastern North America

This field guide provides species descriptions for the 50 native oaks found to occur east of the 100th meridian in North America north of Mexico. Other features included are: county-level distribution maps, distribution according to ecoregion, leaf keys, indices of common and scientific names, a glossary, species summary tables including synonymous species, and a fold-out leaf identification chart. FHTET-2003-01. US Forest Service Publication, out of print. (Download a PDF)

Tree Bark ID

Tips on identifying trees by their bark, along with bark photographs of native trees found in the vicinity of Raleigh, North Carolina.

A Field Guide to Conifers found in the Northeast United States

This field guide was created by Peter H. Kenlan as part of a field biology course taught at Brandeis University by Dan L. Perlman.

A Simplified Key to Conifer Genera of the United States

from the American Museum of Natural History in New York.

Tallest Examples of Eastern Native Trees

Georgia Champion Trees

North Carolina Champion Trees

South Carolina Champion Trees

Missouri Plants

Excellent photographs and detailed descriptions of the flowering and non-flowering plants of Missouri. Plants are categorized by flower color and/or leaf characteristics. By Dan Tenaglia.

North Carolina Plant Photos

Photographs of North Carolina plants, arranged alphabetically with date and location. By Will Cook.

Southeastern Flora

An online resource to assist you in identifying native or naturalized wildflowers you may find in the southeastern United States. Define a few characteristics about your plant specimen, and the visual photo search results will help you narrow your selection to the exact species. By John Gwaltney.

Alabama Plants

Excellent photographs and detailed descriptions of the flowering and non-flowering plants of Alabama. Plants are categorized by flower color and/or leaf characteristics. By Dan Tenaglia.

Wildflower Search

A wildflower identification website that allows you to search for wildflowers by location, color, shape and time, and provides links to numerous other resources. By Steve Sullivan.

Wildflowers of the Southeastern United States

A more or less eclectic and ever growing database of plants found in one of the most biologically diverse regions of the world. By Daniel Reed.

Celebrating Wildflowers

Celebrating Wildflowers is dedicated to the enjoyment of the thousands of wildflowers growing on our national forests and grasslands, and to educating the public about the many values of native plants. The site includes information on pollinators, native plant gardening, landscaping for wildlife, the importance of local ecotypes, genetic considerations, rare plants, wildflower ethics, unique natural communities, as well as pages "just for kids," and teacher resources.

Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

This native plants database includes over 7000 plant species native to North America, and allows you to search for plants based on a combination of characteristics, such as light and water requirements, bloom color and season.

The Natural Communities of South Carolina,

initial classification and description, by John B. Nelson (1986)

Guide to the Natural Communities of North Carolina,

Fourth approximation, by Michael P. Schafale (March 2012) (Download a PDF)

The Natural Communities of Georgia

Based on the book The Natural Communities of Georgia, this website provides plant lists and ecological notes for the natural communities of North Georgia. By Leslie Edwards.

Wetland Plant Identification

This site seeks to facilitate the identification of common wetland plants of the Piedmont and Coastal Plain of the Carolinas.

A Monthly Guide to Georgia Native Plants

This unique site changes each month, with pictures illustrating what the plants look like "now!" By Mike Strickland.

TVA Native Plant Selector

Search for plants native to the Tennessee Valley by criteria such as plant height, soil conditions, etc.

Native Plants for Georgia: Trees, Shrubs, and Woody Vines

A University of Georgia Cooperative Extension Service guide to native plants for Georgia gardens.

Native Plants for Georgia: Ferns

A University of Georgia Cooperative Extension Service guide to native ferns for Georgia gardens.

Going Native: Urban landscaping for wildlife with native plants

Why and how to go native! Includes a 10-minute video and three downloadable publications entitled Managing Backyards and Other Urban Habitats for Birds, Butterflies in Your Backyard, and Landscaping for Wildlife with Native Plants.

Common Woody Landscape Plants

from Clemson University Extension Service

Native Plant Center: Chesapeake Region

Search this database for native plants by region, plant type, sun exposure, soil texture, and/or soil moisture. The site also includes the downloadable US Fish and Wildlife Service publication Native Plants for Wildlife Habitat and Conservation Landscaping: Chesapeake Bay Watershed.

Brooklyn Botanic Garden's Native Alternatives

A suggested list of native plants to use as alternatives to commonly planted but invasive species.

Native Plant Alternatives

Leaving old garden standards behind is difficult but necessary if our natural parks, forests, and fields are to have a future. When you are ready to eradicate those unruly invasives from your garden and add some new choices to your plant inventory, the National Arboretum and the US Forest Service offer recommendations for the Mid-Atlantic region.


A site dedicated to moving native plants and naturescaping into mainstream landscaping practices, this includes tutorials, regional plant lists, and native plant nurseries.

Weed Library

The National Gardening Association's collection of "weeds" common in gardens, lawns, and landscapes along with the essential information you need for identifying and managing them.

Invasive Plant Species

Click here.


Organizations & Agencies

Alabama Wildflower Society

Florida Native Plant Society

Georgia Botanical Society

Georgia Native Plant Society

Georgia Wildlife Federation

National Wildlife Federation

North Carolina Native Plant Society

North Carolina Wildlife Federation

South Carolina Native Plant Society

South Carolina Association of Naturalists

South Carolina Department of Natural Resources

South Carolina Wildlife Federation

Southern Appalachian Botanical Society

Tennessee Native Plant Society

Virginia Native Plant Society

Western Carolina Botanical Club