Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1563

Forb
Perennial

Non-native: Eurasia
Documented growing wild in - NC -

Common (rare in NC Piedmont)

Look for it on roadsides, esp gravelly or shaly roadbanks or ditches, streamside gravel bars, disturbed ground, per Weakley's Flora

map
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INVASIVE

This plant is causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2013
Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2009
US Fish & Wildlife Service
US Forest Service Southern Research Station

 

LEAVES:
Simple
Basal and alternate (basal usually developing after flowers)

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Rays: Yellow
Disc: Yellow
Disc flowers functionally staminate/ Ray flowers pistillate & fertile
Inferior ovary

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Campanulids: Asterales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Tussilago farfara   FAMILY Asteraceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Tussilago farfara   FAMILY Asteraceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Coltsfoot


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Tussilago farfara

JK Marlow    jkm170326_238

March    Polk County    NC

Pearson's Falls

Flower heads borne singly, erect at flowering, nodding in fruit, per Flora of North America.

image of Tussilago farfara

JK Marlow    jkm170326_239

March    Polk County    NC

Pearson's Falls

image of Tussilago farfara

JK Marlow    jkm170326_241

March    Polk County    NC

Pearson's Falls

Phyllaries erect, distinct, lance-linear to linear, subequal, margins scarious, per Flora of North America.

image of Tussilago farfara

JK Marlow    jkm170326_292

March    Polk County    NC

Pearson's Falls

Basal leaves usually develop after flowers, per Flora of North America.

image of Tussilago farfara

JK Marlow    jkm170406_457

March    Polk County    NC

Pearson's Falls

Cauline leaves lance-ovate to linear, bractlike or scale-like, per Flora of North America.

image of Tussilago farfara

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_tussilago_farfara_23

March        

image of Tussilago farfara

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_tussilago_farfara_25

March        

Ray florets female. Disk florets few, functionally male, per Flora of China.

image of Tussilago farfara

Ben Geer Keys    bgk1563_a

April        

image of Tussilago farfara

JK Marlow    jkm060710_008

July    Tucker County    WV

Monongahela National Forest

Introduced into the Northeast, this has spread rapidly southward, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Tussilago farfara

JK Marlow    jkm070702_162

July    Pocahontas County    WV

Cranberry Glades Botanical Area

image of Tussilago farfara

JK Marlow    jkm070702_173

July    Pocahontas County    WV

The Falls of Hill Creek

image of Tussilago farfara

JK Marlow    jkm160818_636

August    Polk County    NC

Pearson's Falls

image of Tussilago farfara

JK Marlow    jkm160818_637

August    Polk County    NC

Pearson's Falls

image of Tussilago farfara

JK Marlow    jkm160818_638

August    Polk County    NC

Pearson's Falls

Basal leaf blades palmately nerved, orbiculate to polygonal or lobed, per Flora of North America.

image of Tussilago farfara

JK Marlow    jkm130906_051

September    Washington County    ME

Leaves heart-shaped to nearly round, shallowly lobed, long-petioled, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Tussilago farfara

JK Marlow    jkm130906_052

September    Washington County    ME

Ancient Greeks boiled the leaves with honey to make cough syrup, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Tussilago farfara

JK Marlow    jkm130906_053

September    Washington County    ME

Leaves densely white-hairy beneath, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Tussilago farfara

JK Marlow    jkm130906_055

September    Washington County    ME