Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1605

Tree
Perennial
Has milky sap (latex)

Non-native: China
Documented growing wild in GA NC -

Uncommon in GA, rare in NC

Look for it . It is planted for the oil and for ornament. It has naturalized on the Gulf Coastal Plain and shows a tendency to naturalize in the NC Coastal Plain, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here


Invasive?

This plant may be causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

Alabama Invasive Plant Council, 2012
Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2006
US Forest Service Southern Research Station

 

full sun partial shade

LEAVES:
Deciduous (almost evergreen in the Deep South)
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
White (with pink veins, purplish center)
Usually bisexual
5 petals, corolla campanulate
8-12 stamens
Inflorescence a flat-topped panicle of cymes

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Reddish-green
Drupe

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Malpighiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Vernicia fordii   FAMILY Euphorbiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Vernicia fordii   FAMILY Euphorbiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Guide to the Vascular Plants of Florida (Wunderlin & Hansen, 2003)
Aleurites fordii

 

COMMON NAME:
Tung-oil Tree


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of -, image of Vernicia fordii

James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org    bug_5379625

April?        

Large, terminal, branched clusters appear before the leaves, covering tree, per A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests.

picture of -, image of Vernicia fordii

James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org    bug_5379625b

April?        

White petal lobes, throat splashed w red to maroon, lines radiating outward, per A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests.

picture of -, image of Vernicia fordii

JK Marlow    jkm090514_101

May    Georgetown County    SC

Hobcaw Barony

Fruit drops whole, then splits into 3-7 wedge-shaped sections each w a nut, per A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests.

picture of -, image of Vernicia fordii

JK Marlow    s090514_17

May    Georgetown County    SC

Hobcaw Barony

picture of -, image of Vernicia fordii

JK Marlow    s090514_18

May    Georgetown County    SC

Hobcaw Barony

picture of -, image of Vernicia fordii

JK Marlow    s090514_1920

May    Georgetown County    SC

Hobcaw Barony

Leaves heart-shaped, or lobed with 3-5 pointed tips and a cordate base, per A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests.

picture of -, image of Vernicia fordii

James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org    bug_5379622

August        

Bark light tan to light gray, tight, covered with corky dots, per A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests.

picture of -, image of Vernicia fordii

James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org    bug_5421962

October        

picture of -, image of Vernicia fordii

Charles T. Bryson, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Bugwood.org    bug_1116082

Month Unknown        

Leaves and nuts are poisonous, per A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests.

picture of -, image of Vernicia fordii

John Ruter, University of Georgia, Bugwood.org    bug_1581046

Month Unknown        

picture of -, image of Vernicia fordii

Steve Hurst, USDA NRCS PLANTS Database, Bugwood.org     bug_5309027

Month Unknown