Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


2003

Grass, Sedge, or Rush
Perennial

Non-native: east Asia

Documented growing wild in - NC -

Rare, as well as waif(s)

Look for it in disturbed areas, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate, 2-ranked

FLOWER:
Summer

FRUIT:
Grain

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (6/30/18):
Cenchrus purpurascens   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Pennisetum alopecuroides   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Phylogenetic studies favour the unification of Pennisetum, Cenchrus, and Odontelytrum (Poaceae) (Chemisquy et al., 2010)
Cenchrus compressus

GREATER THAN Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950)
Pennisetum alopecuroides

 

COMMON NAME:
Chinese Fountaingrass, Black Fountaingrass


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Cenchrus purpurascens, Chinese Fountaingrass, Black Fountaingrass

Wesley Knapp    wes_cenchrus_purpinfl

September    Transylvania County    NC

Roadside

This ornamental grass is an emerging invasive in Mid-Atlantic states, per Plant Risk Evaluator: Pennisetum alopecuroides.

image of Cenchrus purpurascens, Chinese Fountaingrass, Black Fountaingrass

Wesley Knapp    wes_cenchrus_purpinfl2b

September    Transylvania County    NC

Roadside

image of Cenchrus purpurascens, Chinese Fountaingrass, Black Fountaingrass

Wesley Knapp    wes_cenchrus_purpinfl2c

September    Transylvania County    NC

Roadside

Softly bristly panicles 8-15cm long; bristles of the fascicles to 2cm long, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.

image of Cenchrus purpurascens, Chinese Fountaingrass, Black Fountaingrass

Wesley Knapp    wes_cenchrus_roadside

September    Transylvania County    NC

Roadside

New infestations have recently been reported on roadsides in 6 NC counties.

image of Cenchrus purpurascens, Chinese Fountaingrass, Black Fountaingrass

Wesley Knapp    wes_cenchrus_roadside_b

September    Transylvania County    NC

Roadside

image of Cenchrus purpurascens, Chinese Fountaingrass, Black Fountaingrass

JK Marlow    jkm081110_038

November    Buncombe County    NC

NC Arboretum

Plants 0.3-1.2m tall, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Cenchrus purpurascens, Chinese Fountaingrass, Black Fountaingrass

JK Marlow    jkm081110_039

November    Buncombe County    NC

NC Arboretum