OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Malpighiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Euphorbia heterophylla   FAMILY Euphorbiaceae   Go to FSUS key


SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Euphorbia heterophylla   FAMILY Euphorbiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Euphorbia heterophylla

INCLUDING Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Poinsettia geniculata

INCLUDING Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Poinsettia heterophylla

 

COMMON NAME:
Fiddler's Spurge, Mexican Fireplant, Catalina, Jacob's-ladder


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Euphorbia heterophylla, Fiddler's Spurge, Mexican Fireplant, Catalina, Jacob's-ladder

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_pohe11_001_lvd

        

image of Euphorbia heterophylla, Fiddler's Spurge, Mexican Fireplant, Catalina, Jacob's-ladder

Keith Bradley    kab_e_heterophylla_72449

August    Miami-Dade County    FL

Cyathial gland w a circular opening; bracteal leaves purple-spotted or green, per Weakley's Flora (2015).

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA OF THE SOUTHEASTERN US (4/24/22):
Euphorbia heterophylla   FAMILY Euphorbiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Euphorbia heterophylla   FAMILY Euphorbiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Euphorbia heterophylla

INCLUDING Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Poinsettia geniculata

INCLUDING Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Poinsettia heterophylla

 

Find by SCIENTIFIC NAME:

2838

Forb
Annual/Perennial
Monoecious

Native to Georgia (introduced northwards)

Uncommon in GA Coastal Plain, rare elsewhere in GA-NC-SC

Habitat: Disturbed areas, per Weakley's Flora

map
Click here to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.

Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)

DOES THE PLANT HAVE "MILKY SAP"?
Has milky sap (latex)

LEAVES:
Simple
Mostly alternate

FLOWER:
Winter/Spring/Summer/Fall
Bracteal leaves purple-spotted or green
Unisexual
Cyathium with 1 two-lipped gland, without petaloid appendages

FRUIT:
Winter/Spring/Summer/Fall
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


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