Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


2918

Forb
Perennial

Native to Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA - -

Uncommon (rare in Piedmont & Coastal Plain)

Look for it in moist forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple
A single terminal whorl of 3 leaves
Leaves sessile

FLOWER:
Spring
Maroon
Flowers are sessile.
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
3 sepals
3 petals

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Dark purple
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Liliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Trillium decumbens   FAMILY Trilliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Trillium decumbens   FAMILY Liliaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Decumbent Trillium, Trailing Trillium


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Trillium decumbens

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_trillium_decumbens_23

March        

Flowers half or more as long as subtending leaves [vs. T. reliquum < half], per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).

image of Trillium decumbens

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_trillium_decumbens_4

March        

image of Trillium decumbens

Ed Pivorun    ebp090404_4829

April    Walker County    GA

The Pocket on Pigeon Mountain

Leaves are strongly variegated & rest on the ground, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Trillium decumbens

Ed Pivorun    ebp090404_4830

April    Walker County    GA

The Pocket on Pigeon Mountain

Petals are 2-3" long, about 4x longer than the stamens, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Trillium decumbens

Ed Pivorun    ebp090404_4940

April    Walker County    GA

The Pocket on Pigeon Mountain

The three sessile petals are slightly twisted, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Trillium decumbens

Ed Pivorun    ebp090404_5008

April    Walker County    GA

Pigeon Mountain

Sepals divergent, green- or maroon-streaked, lanceolate-ovate, per Flora of North America.

image of Trillium decumbens

Ed Pivorun    ebp090404_5056

April    Walker County    GA

Pigeon Mountain

image of Trillium decumbens

Ed Pivorun    ebp090404_5057

April    Walker County    GA

Pigeon Mountain

It should be sought in extreme sw. NC, an "under-botanized" area, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Trillium decumbens

JK Marlow    jkm090404_005

April    Walker County    GA

Pigeon Mountain

Uppermost stem is fuzzy with tiny hairs (vs. that of T. reliquum is smooth), per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).

image of Trillium decumbens

JK Marlow    jkm110416_863

April    Etowah County    AL

Leaves often as broad as long, per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).