Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


3621

Forb
Annual

Non-native: Mediterranean Europe
Documented growing wild in - NC -

Rare

Look for it persistent around gardens or occurring as a waif. It is cultivated as a salad green, per Weakley's Flora

map
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LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Whitish to dull yellow or dirty white
Flowers have pedicels.
Bisexual
4 sepals
4 petals
9-13 stamens
Flowers in racemes

FRUIT:
Silique

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Malvids: Brassicales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Eruca vesicaria ssp. sativa   FAMILY Brassicaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Eruca vesicaria ssp. sativa   FAMILY Brassicaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of Vascular Plants of NE US & Adjacent Canada (Gleason & Cronquist,1991)
Eruca sativa

LESS THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Eruca eruca

 

COMMON NAME:
Arugula, Garden Rocket, Rocket-salad, Salad-rocket


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Eruca vesicaria ssp. sativa

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_erer10_001_lvd

        

image of Eruca vesicaria ssp. sativa

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_eruca_sativa

March        

The earliest cultivation of subsp. sativa dates to ancient Romans & Greeks, per Flora of North America.

image of Eruca vesicaria ssp. sativa

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_eruca_sativa_b

March        

Petals cream or yellow (w dark veins), broadly obovate, claw differentiated, per Flora of North America.

image of Eruca vesicaria ssp. sativa

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_eruca_sativa_c

March        

Sepals (sometimes persistent), erect, oblong [linear], (connivent), per Flora of North America.