Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


3656

Forb
Perennial

Native to South Carolina
Documented growing wild in - - SC

Very rare, endemic to Santee River delta region of SC (only 2 populations known)

Look for it in margins of natural depressions, wet flatwoods, per Weakley's Flora

map
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LEAVES:
Simple
Opposite

FLOWER:
Summer
White with scattered pinkish spots on lower lip
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
5-lobed campanulate calyx
2-lipped corolla, upper hood-like, lower three-lobed
4 stamens, arched under the corolla's upper lip
Superior ovary
Inflorescence a series of interrupted verticils, commonly elongated with age

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Schizocarp of mericarps

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Lamiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Stachys caroliniana   FAMILY Lamiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH A new hedge-nettle (Stachys: Lamiaceae) from SC (Nelson & Rayner, 2014)
Stachys caroliniana

 

COMMON NAME:
Carolina Hedgenettle


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Stachys caroliniana

Jim Fowler    jaf_stachys_species01

June        SC

Corollas white, scarcely pinkish save for scattered spots on lower lip, per A new hedge-nettle (Stachys: Lamiaceae) from SC (Nelson & Rayner, 2014).

image of Stachys caroliniana

Jim Fowler    jaf_stachys_species02b

June        SC

The central lobe of lower corolla lip nearly rotund, per A new hedge-nettle (Stachys: Lamiaceae) from SC (Nelson & Rayner, 2014).

image of Stachys caroliniana

Jim Fowler    jaf_stachys_species03c

June        SC

Lower corolla lip declined up to 90 degrees from tube, to 7mm long, per A new hedge-nettle (Stachys: Lamiaceae) from SC (Nelson & Rayner, 2014).

image of Stachys caroliniana

Jim Fowler    jaf_stachys_species03d

June        SC

Calyx densely short-soft pubescent with abundant delicate, stipitate glands, per A new hedge-nettle (Stachys: Lamiaceae) from SC (Nelson & Rayner, 2014).

image of Stachys caroliniana

Jim Fowler    jaf_stachys_species06

June        SC

Midstem leaves generally largest, rounded to truncate at base, spreading, per A new hedge-nettle (Stachys: Lamiaceae) from SC (Nelson & Rayner, 2014).

image of Stachys caroliniana

Jim Fowler    jaf_stachys_species07b

June        SC

Stems strictly erect, to 0.5m tall (occasionally branched at lowest node), per A new hedge-nettle (Stachys: Lamiaceae) from SC (Nelson & Rayner, 2014).

image of Stachys caroliniana

Jim Fowler    jaf_stachys_species09

June        SC

Bracts reduced upward, lowest lanceolate, progressively trullate to ovate, per A new hedge-nettle (Stachys: Lamiaceae) from SC (Nelson & Rayner, 2014).

image of Stachys caroliniana

Jim Fowler    jaf_stachys_species10

June        SC

Axillary cymules each with 3 flowers, the verticils thus 6-flowered, per A new hedge-nettle (Stachys: Lamiaceae) from SC (Nelson & Rayner, 2014).

image of Stachys caroliniana

Jim Fowler    jaf_stachys_species11

June        SC

Note dense, short, uniform stem pubescence and relatively short calyx lobes, per A new hedge-nettle (Stachys: Lamiaceae) from SC (Nelson & Rayner, 2014).