Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


3671

Forb
Perennial

Non-native: east central & southeast Europe
Documented growing wild in - - -

Rare

Look for it in disturbed rich forests and bottomlands, mesic suburban forests, lawns, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here


INVASIVE

This plant is causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

Brooklyn Botanic Garden
Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2015
Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2013
Maryland Department of Natural Resources, 1994
Pennsylvania Dept. of Conservation & Natural Resources
Plant Conservation Alliance
SC Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2014
SC List of Regulated Pest Plant Species, 2017
Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation, 2014
Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board
Wisconsin Dept. of Natural Resources: Prohibited Invasive Plant

 

...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple
Basal rosette & alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
Yellow
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
3-5 sepals
Typically 8 petals (ranging from six to twenty-six)
Numerous stamens
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Aggregate of achenes

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Ranunculales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Ficaria verna ssp. calthifolia   FAMILY Ranunculaceae

LESS THAN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Ranunculus ficaria var. bulbifera   FAMILY Ranunculaceae

LESS THAN Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952)
Ranunculus ficaria

SYNONYMOUS WITH Ranunculus ficaria sensu lato (Sell 1994)
Ranunculus ficaria ssp. calthifolius

 

COMMON NAME:
Fig Buttercup, Lesser Celandine, Pilewort


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Ficaria verna ssp. calthifolia

commons.wikimedia.org    wik_nsr_slika_028

        

commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Nsr-slika-028.png

image of Ficaria verna ssp. calthifolia

Sturm, Deutschlands Flora in Abbildungen    wik_r_ficaria_sturm59

        

commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ranunculus_ficaria_Sturm59.jpg

image of Ficaria verna ssp. calthifolia

JK Marlow    jkm140305_005

March    Mecklenburg County    NC

Renaissance Park

Leaves crowded at base with few on short stems; petioles to 10cm long, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Ficaria verna ssp. calthifolia

JK Marlow    jkm140305_913

March    Mecklenburg County    NC

Renaissance Park

image of Ficaria verna ssp. calthifolia

JK Marlow    jkm140305_952

March    Mecklenburg County    NC

Renaissance Park

Leaves crowded at base, few on stems, up to 4cm x 4cm, per Ranunculus ficaria L. sensu lato (Sell 1994).

image of Ficaria verna ssp. calthifolia

JK Marlow    jkm140305_980b

March    Mecklenburg County    NC

Renaissance Park

Flowers up to 30mm in diameter; petals 10-15mm x 2.5-6mm, contiguous, per Ranunculus ficaria L. sensu lato (Sell 1994).

image of Ficaria verna ssp. calthifolia

JK Marlow    jkm140305_980c

March    Mecklenburg County    NC

Renaissance Park

Sepals spreading, saccate [pouch-like] at extreme base, glabrous, per Flora of North America.

image of Ficaria verna ssp. calthifolia

JK Marlow    jkm140305_982b

March    Mecklenburg County    NC

Renaissance Park

image of Ficaria verna ssp. calthifolia

JK Marlow    jkm140305_986

March    Mecklenburg County    NC

Renaissance Park

image of Ficaria verna ssp. calthifolia

JK Marlow    jkm140305_996

March    Mecklenburg County    NC

Renaissance Park

image of Ficaria verna ssp. calthifolia

JK Marlow    jkm140305_997

March    Mecklenburg County    NC

Renaissance Park

image of Ficaria verna ssp. calthifolia

JK Marlow    jkm140307_039

March    Mecklenburg County    NC

Renaissance Park

Abundant fingerlike tubers easily visible when plants are pulled up, per Plant Conservation Alliance.

image of Ficaria verna ssp. calthifolia

JK Marlow    jkm140307_044

March    Mecklenburg County    NC

Renaissance Park

image of Ficaria verna ssp. calthifolia

JK Marlow    jkm140307_055

March    Mecklenburg County    NC

Renaissance Park