Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


3870

Shrub
Perennial

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA - SC

Uncommon (rare in SC Mountains & Coastal Plain), endemic

Look for it in upland pine and pine-oak forests, clay soils, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

IS THE PLANT "ARMED"?
Armed with slender to moderately stout nodal thorns > 2cm long

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Simple
Alternate
Petioles 8-20mm, distinctly black-glandular

FLOWER:
Spring
White
Radially symmetrical
5-lobed calyx
5 petals
15-20 stamens (anthers pink to rose)
Inferior ovary
Inflorescences of 3-8 flowers

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Red
Pome

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Rosales
Series: Apricae

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (10/20/20):
Crataegus ignava   FAMILY Rosaceae

INCLUDING Haws: A Guide to Hawthorns of the Southeastern US (Lance, 2014)
Crataegus alleghaniensis var. extraria

INCLUDING Haws: A Guide to Hawthorns of the Southeastern US (Lance, 2014)
Crataegus allegheniensis var. ignava

INCLUDING Beadle in Flora of the Southeastern US (Small, 1913)
Crataegus extraria

INCLUDING Beadle in Flora of the Southeastern US (Small, 1913)
Crataegus ignava

INCLUDING Beadle in Flora of the Southeastern US (Small, 1913)
Crataegus impar

 

COMMON NAME:
Valley Head Hawthorn


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Crataegus ignava, Valley Head Hawthorn

JK Marlow    jkm130407_058

April    Columbia County    GA

Related to C. alleghaniensis... or may be considered a variety of it, per Weakley's Flora (2020).

image of Crataegus ignava, Valley Head Hawthorn

JK Marlow    jkm130407_061

April    Columbia County    GA

Thorns moderately stout, usually > 2cm long, per Weakley's Flora (2020).

image of Crataegus ignava, Valley Head Hawthorn

Ron Lance    rwlcallegheniensis_ve1_b

April    McCormick County    SC

Inflorescences are glabrate; stamens 15-20; anthers pink to rose, per Weakley's Flora (2020).

image of Crataegus ignava, Valley Head Hawthorn

Ron Lance    rwlcallegheniensis_vext1

April    McCormick County    SC

Leaves glabrous, acutely lobed on all shoots, per Weakley's Flora (2020).

image of Crataegus ignava, Valley Head Hawthorn

Ron Lance    rwlcallegheniensis_vext2

October    McCormick County    SC

Fruit subglobose, red, 8-12mm, flesh soft, per Haws: A Guide to Hawthorns of the Southeastern US.