Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


3900

Grass, Sedge, or Rush
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon in Coastal Plain, rare in Piedmont

Look for it in open sandy soil of pinelands and dunes, primarily near the coast; probably occasional to frequent, but long overlooked, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate, 2-ranked, and often a basal rosette of overwintering leaves

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Early-season ("spring") panicles terminal; later "autumnal" panicles are lateral

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Grain yellowish/Purplish

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (2/8/20):
Dichanthelium arenicoloides   FAMILY Poaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Dichanthelium aciculare   FAMILY Poaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Flora of North America
Dichanthelium aciculare ssp. angustifolium

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950)
Panicum arenicoloides

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Panicum arenicoloides

 

COMMON NAME:
Sandy Woods Witchgrass


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Dichanthelium arenicoloides, Sandy Woods Witchgrass

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. A. Chase). 1950    pnd_paar10_001_lhd

        

image of Dichanthelium arenicoloides, Sandy Woods Witchgrass

Bruce A. Sorrie    bas_dich_arenicoloides2

August        

In general it resembles D. aciculare, but its spikelets are more elongate, per Vascular Plants of North Carolina.

image of Dichanthelium arenicoloides, Sandy Woods Witchgrass

Bruce A. Sorrie    bas_dich_arenicoloides2b

August        

Larger autumnal blades to 6cm by 1.5mm, involute, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Dichanthelium arenicoloides, Sandy Woods Witchgrass

Bruce A. Sorrie    bas_dich_arenicoloides3

September    Dare County    NC