Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


4060

Shrub; Tree
Annual/Perennial

Non-native: Central & South America, the West Indies, south Florida

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Rarely adventive or a waif

Look for it . It is a frequently cultivated crop, especially in sandy soils of the Coastal Plain, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate
Leaves are subtended by stipules.

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Pale yellow
5 sepals united at base or more than half their length
5 petals united at base
Stamens united to form a staminal column surrounding ovary and styles
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Malvids: Malvales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Gossypium hirsutum   FAMILY Malvaceae

INCLUDING PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Gossypium hirsutum var. hirsutum   FAMILY Malvaceae

INCLUDING Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Gossypium herbaceum

INCLUDING (MISAPPLIED) Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Gossypium hirsutum

 

COMMON NAME:
Upland Cotton


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Gossypium hirsutum, Upland Cotton

JK Marlow    jkm161106_124

November    Williamsburg County    SC

Agricultural cotton now a complex set of cultivars, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Gossypium hirsutum, Upland Cotton

JK Marlow    jkm161106_129

November    Williamsburg County    SC

An epicalyx of bracts immediately subtends the calyx, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Gossypium hirsutum, Upland Cotton

JK Marlow    jkm161106_132

November    Williamsburg County    SC

Leaf blade shallowly 3-5-lobed, lobes broadly ovate, base cordate, per Flora of North America.

image of Gossypium hirsutum, Upland Cotton

JK Marlow    jkm161106_134

November    Williamsburg County    SC

Corolla pale yellow (vs. that of Sea-island Cotton deep yellow), per Weakley's Flora.

image of Gossypium hirsutum, Upland Cotton

JK Marlow    jkm161106_136

November    Williamsburg County    SC

image of Gossypium hirsutum, Upland Cotton

JK Marlow    jkm161106_139

November    Williamsburg County    SC

Capsules smooth, glabrous. Seeds comose, hairs (cotton) usually white, per Flora of North America.

image of Gossypium hirsutum, Upland Cotton

JK Marlow    jkm181111_5840

November    Williamsburg County    SC