Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


4060

Shrub; Tree
Annual/Perennial

Non-native: Central & South America, the West Indies, south Florida
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Rarely adventive or a waif

Look for it . It is a frequently cultivated crop, especially in sandy soils of the Coastal Plain, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Pale yellow
5 sepals united at base or more than half their length
5 petals united at base
Stamens united to form a staminal column surrounding ovary and styles
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Malvids: Malvales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Gossypium hirsutum   FAMILY Malvaceae

GREATER THAN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Gossypium hirsutum var. hirsutum   FAMILY Malvaceae

GREATER THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Gossypium herbaceum

GREATER THAN (MISAPPLIED) Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Gossypium hirsutum

 

COMMON NAME:
Upland Cotton


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Gossypium hirsutum

JK Marlow    jkm161106_124

November    Williamsburg County    SC

Agricultural cotton now a complex set of cultivars, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Gossypium hirsutum

JK Marlow    jkm161106_129

November    Williamsburg County    SC

An epicalyx of bracts immediately subtends the calyx, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Gossypium hirsutum

JK Marlow    jkm161106_132

November    Williamsburg County    SC

Leaf blade shallowly 3-5-lobed, lobes broadly ovate, base cordate, per Flora of North America.

image of Gossypium hirsutum

JK Marlow    jkm161106_134

November    Williamsburg County    SC

Corolla pale yellow (vs. that of Sea-island Cotton deep yellow), per Weakley's Flora.

image of Gossypium hirsutum

JK Marlow    jkm161106_136

November    Williamsburg County    SC

image of Gossypium hirsutum

JK Marlow    jkm161106_139

November    Williamsburg County    SC

Capsules smooth, glabrous. Seeds comose, hairs (cotton) usually white, per Flora of North America.