Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Caryophyllales
Dig deeper at SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria.
Check out EDDMapS.org to see where this has been reported.
Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
No pictures are available at this time.
Non-native: Mediterranean Europe
Documented growing wild in - - -
Look for it in disturbed areas, per Weakley's Flora
This plant is causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:
- Forest Health Assessment & Applied Sciences Team: New Invaders of the Northeast
- Forest Health Assessment & Applied Sciences Team: New Invaders of the Southeast
- SC List of Regulated Pest Plant Species, 2017
- USDA Federal Noxious Weeds, 091820
IS THE PLANT "ARMED"?
Outer tepals bear spines
Petioles 2-29cm long
6 tepals, the outer three bearing spines
TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!