Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


748

Grass, Sedge, or Rush
Perennial

Non-native: Tropics
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common in Coastal Plain (rare elsewhere) (rare in NC)

Look for it on grassy roadsides. An extremely aggressive and dangerous weed, now well-established and rapidly invading fire-maintained Coastal Plain areas (such as longleaf pine and slash pine flatwoods and longleaf pine clayhills) on the Gulf Coastal Plain of FL, AL, and MS, per Weakley's Flora

map
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INVASIVE

This plant is causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

Alabama Invasive Plant Council, 2012
Brooklyn Botanic Garden
Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2006
SC Department of Agriculture Noxious Weed List, 2017
SC Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2014
Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2009
US Fish & Wildlife Service
US Forest Service Southern Research Station
USDA Federal Noxious Weed List, 093014
Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation, 2014

 

LEAVES:
Simple
Most leaves arising from near the base, with overlapping sheaths

FLOWER:
Spring
Spikelets with silvery-white hairs

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Grain brown
Grain

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Imperata cylindrica   FAMILY Poaceae

GREATER THAN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Imperata cylindrica   FAMILY Poaceae

GREATER THAN Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950)
Imperata brasiliensis

GREATER THAN Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950)
Imperata cylindrica

 

COMMON NAME:
Cogongrass, Bloodroot Grass, Brazilian Satintail