Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia

Clicking on particular species will lead you to more information or photographs:

A camera indicates there are pictures. camera icon
A speaker indicates there is a sound file demonstrating pronunciation of the botanical name. speaker icon
A plus sign after a Latin name indicates that the species is further divided into varieties or subspecies. plus sign icon

Your search found 19 taxa.

arrow icon arrow

camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Gaywings, Fringed Polygala
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Polygaloides paucifolia
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Polygala paucifolia
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Polygala paucifolia 106-01-001


Corolla tube consists of 3 united petals; the "wings" are a pair of sepals, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Southern Bitter Milkwort, Racemed Milkwort
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Polygala polygama
LESS THAN PLANTS National Database: Polygala polygama
LESS THAN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Polygala polygama 106-01-002


Common to all milkworts are a 3-petalled corolla tube & 2 "wings" (sepals), per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.


camera icon Common Name: Showy Milkwort
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Asemeia grandiflora
GREATER THAN PLANTS National Database: Polygala grandiflora var. grandiflora
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Polygala grandiflora 106-01-003
GREATER THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Asemeia grandiflora
GREATER THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Asemeia cumulicola

Flowers only slightly more than 1/2" wide when fully open, per Atlantic Coastal Plain Wildflowers.


camera icon Common Name: Seneca Snakeroot
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Polygala senega
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Polygala senega
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Polygala senega 106-01-004
GREATER THAN Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952) Polygala senega var. latifolia
GREATER THAN Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952) Polygala senega var. senega

Long, narrow, uninterrupted racemes of white or greenish flowers, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.


range map need picture of flower of Polygala sanguinea, Field Milkwort, Blood Milkwort
speaker icon Common Name: Field Milkwort, Blood Milkwort
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Polygala sanguinea
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Polygala sanguinea
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Polygala sanguinea 106-01-005
(?) Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Polygala viridescens

range map need picture of flower of Polygala mariana, Maryland Milkwort
Common Name: Maryland Milkwort
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Polygala mariana
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Polygala mariana
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Polygala mariana 106-01-006


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Appalachian Milkwort, Curtiss' Milkwort
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Polygala curtissii
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Polygala curtissii
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Polygala curtissii 106-01-007


Flowers in a dense cylindric raceme, a compact head similar to clover, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.


camera icon Common Name: Whorled Milkwort
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Polygala verticillata +
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Polygala verticillata +
LESS THAN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Polygala verticillata var. verticillata 106-01-009a


Racemes 0.5-1.5cm long, the inflorescence compact and truncate below, per Weakley's Flora.


camera icon Common Name: Loose Milkwort
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Polygala ambigua
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Polygala ambigua
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Polygala verticillata var. ambigua 106-01-009b


Racemes 2-5cm long, becoming interrupted below thru persistence of fruits, per Weakley's Flora.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Southern Drumheads, Cross-leaved Milkwort
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Polygala cruciata
GREATER THAN PLANTS National Database: Polygala cruciata var. cruciata
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Polygala cruciata 106-01-010
GREATER THAN PLANTS National Database Polygala cruciata var. aquilonia

Common to all milkworts are a 3-petalled corolla tube & 2 "wings" (sepals), per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.


camera icon Common Name: Hooker's Milkwort
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Polygala hookeri
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Polygala hookeri
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Polygala hookeri 106-01-012


Inflorescence not as congested as P. cruciata's, flower stalks clearly seen, per Atlantic Coastal Plain Wildflowers.


camera icon Common Name: Pink Milkwort, Procession Flower
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Polygala incarnata
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Polygala incarnata
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Polygala incarnata 106-01-013


Corolla nearly 3x longer than wings; borne in a slender compact raceme, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.


camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Orange Milkwort, Red-hot-poker, Candyroot
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Polygala lutea
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Polygala lutea
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Polygala lutea 106-01-014


Small orange-yellow flowers in a dense head, per Newcomb's Wildflower Guide.


camera icon Common Name: Dwarf Milkwort, Candyroot
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Polygala nana
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Polygala nana
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Polygala nana 106-01-015


Inflorescence a dense pom-pom-like raceme, terminating leafy branches, per Weakley's Flora.


camera icon Common Name: Short Pinebarren Milkwort, Low Pinebarren Milkwort, Dwarf Milkwort, Savanna Milkwort
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Polygala ramosa
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Polygala ramosa
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Polygala ramosa 106-01-016


Mature plants rarely over 18" (vs. P. cymosa typically 2-4' tall), per Atlantic Coastal Plain Wildflowers.


camera icon Common Name: Tall Milkwort, Tall Pinebarren Milkwort
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Polygala cymosa
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Polygala cymosa
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968): Polygala cymosa 106-01-017


Mature plants typically 2-4' tall (vs. P. ramosa rarely over 18"), per Atlantic Coastal Plain Wildflowers.


Common Name: White Milkwort, Baldwin's Milkwort
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) Polygala balduinii var. balduinii
LESS THAN PLANTS National Database: Polygala balduinii
SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT) Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Pilostaxis baldwinii
SYNONYMOUS WITH Pylostachya balduinii

Inflorescence a terminal, many-branched cyme, loosely to densely flowered, per Weakley's Flora.


camera icon Common Name: Boykin's Milkwort
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Polygala boykinii var. boykinii
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Polygala boykinii var. boykinii
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933) Polygala boykinii

Similar to P. senega, but the racemes are longer and narrower, per Wildflowers of Tennessee.


range map need picture of flower of Polygala setacea, Coastal Plain Milkwort
Common Name: Coastal Plain Milkwort
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Polygala setacea
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Polygala setacea


Your search found 19 taxa. You are on page PAGE 1 out of 1 pages.


"Diagnostic keys are printed methods to separate organisms by conspicuous characters for identification. The most widely used type is the 'dichotomous key.' This type of key repeatedly presents two contrasting statements.... Each pair of choices is called a 'couplet,' and each statement is called a 'lead.' " — Ron Lance