Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


2378

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & possibly Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Rare

Look for it in woodlands & openings, esp over calcareous or mafic rocks, per Weakley's Flora

map
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partial shade

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
White or greenish
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
5 sepals (three small, two larger petaloid "wings")
3 petals united into a tube
8 stamens united to corolla tube in 2 rows

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fabales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Polygala senega   FAMILY Polygalaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Polygala senega   FAMILY Polygalaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 106-01-004:
Polygala senega   FAMILY Polygalaceae

GREATER THAN Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952)
Polygala senega var. latifolia

GREATER THAN Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952)
Polygala senega var. senega

 

COMMON NAME:
Seneca Snakeroot


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Polygala senega

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_pose3_001_lvd

        

image of Polygala senega

Bruce A. Sorrie    bas_polygala_senega1

April    Stanly County    NC

Its lanceolate cauline leaves unusually broad for a small-flowered Polygala, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Polygala senega

Bruce A. Sorrie    bas_polygala_senega3

June    Stanly County    NC

Long, narrow, uninterrupted racemes of white or greenish flowers, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.