Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia

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Most habitat and range descriptions were obtained from Weakley's Flora.

Your search found 13 taxa in the family Ruscaceae, Ruscus family, as understood by Weakley's Flora.

            Clicking click a plant to find out more about it on one takes you to more information and/or pictures.

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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: False Solomon's Seal, Eastern Solomon's Plume, May-plume
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Maianthemum racemosum   FAMILY: Ruscaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Maianthemum racemosum ssp. racemosum   FAMILY: Liliaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Smilacina racemosa 041-06-001   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it in forests

Common (uncommon in Coastal Plain)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Starry Solomon's Seal, Starry Solomon's Plume, Starflower
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Maianthemum stellatum   FAMILY: Ruscaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Maianthemum stellatum   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Rare

Native north of the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Canada Mayflower, False Lily-of-the-valley, Wild Lily-of-the-valley
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Maianthemum canadense   FAMILY: Ruscaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Maianthemum canadense   FAMILY: Liliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Maianthemum canadense 041-07-001   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it in moist forests, esp at high elevations

Common

Native to North Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Hairy Solomon's Seal, Downy Solomon’s Seal
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Polygonatum pubescens   FAMILY: Ruscaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Polygonatum pubescens   FAMILY: Liliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Polygonatum pubescens 041-10-001   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it in moist forests, especially cove forests, but also in montane oak forests

Common in Mountains

Native to Georgia, North Carolina, & possibly South Carolina

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Smooth Solomon's Seal
Weakley's Flora: (2/8/20) Polygonatum biflorum +   FAMILY: Ruscaceae
INCLUDING & INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS National Database: Polygonatum biflorum var. commutatum   FAMILY: Liliaceae
INCLUDED WITHIN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Polygonatum biflorum 041-10-002   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it . Depending on variety, it can be found in moist to dry forests and/or on roadbanks

Common to rare, depending on variety and region

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: European Lily-of-the-valley
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Convallaria majalis   FAMILY: Ruscaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Convallaria majalis   FAMILY: Liliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Convallaria majalis var. majalis 041-11-001a   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it where it persists after cultivation

Rare

Non-native: Eurasia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: American Lily-of-the-valley
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Convallaria pseudomajalis   FAMILY: Ruscaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Convallaria majuscula   FAMILY: Liliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Convallaria majalis var. montana 041-11-001b   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it in mountain forests, particularly in rocky woodlands or forests on or near ridgetops under northern red oak at about 1000 to 1500m elevation, sometimes at lower elevations (down to at least 700m) & under Quercus montana

Uncommon (rare in Piedmont, rare in SC), endemic to the Southern Appalachians

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Georgia Beargrass, Sandhills Lily
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Nolina georgiana   FAMILY: Ruscaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Nolina georgiana   FAMILY: Liliaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968): Nolina georgiana 041-13-001   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it in sandhills, and it's sometimes locally common on slightly less xeric lower sandhill slopes

Rare

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

 


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camera icon Common Name: Butcher's Broom, Knee Holly
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) -   FAMILY: Ruscaceae

 

Non-native: Europe, northern Africa, the Near East

 


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camera icon Common Name: Liriope, Lilyturf
Weakley's Flora: (5/21/15) -   FAMILY: Ruscaceae
PLANTS National Database: Liriope graminifolia   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Non-native: Asia

 


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camera icon speaker icon Common Name: Liriope, Big Blue Lilyturf
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Liriope muscari   FAMILY: Ruscaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Liriope muscari   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it where it persists or escapes after cultivation

Rare

Non-native: China, Japan & Taiwan

 


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camera icon Common Name: Liriope, Creeping Lilyturf
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Liriope spicata   FAMILY: Ruscaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Liriope spicata   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it . It's commonly planted, rarely persistent and escaping

Rare

Non-native: China, Taiwan, Japan, Korea & Vietnam

 


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camera icon Common Name: Mondo Grass, Black Mondo, Monkeygrass
Weakley's Flora: (11/30/12) Ophiopogon japonicus   FAMILY: Ruscaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS National Database: Ophiopogon japonicus   FAMILY: Liliaceae

 

Look for it in suburban forests

Rare

Non-native: China, Taiwan, Japan, Korea

 


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