Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


10

Forb
Annual
Monoecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (rare in Coastal Plain of NC-SC)

Look for it in woodlands and disturbed ground, per Weakley's Flora

map
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DOES THE PLANT HAVE "MILKY SAP"?
Does not have milky sap

IS THE PLANT "ARMED"?
Stinging trichomes absent

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate
Petioles 3-7cm long

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Unisexual
3-5 sepals in pistillate flowers, 4 sepals in staminate flowers
Petals absent
4-8(-16?) stamens in staminate flowers

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Malpighiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Acalypha virginica   FAMILY Euphorbiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Acalypha virginica   FAMILY Euphorbiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 107-04-001:
Acalypha virginica   FAMILY Euphorbiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Acalypha virginica

 

COMMON NAME:
Virginia Threeseed Mercury, Virginia Copperleaf, Shortstalk Copperleaf


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Acalypha virginica, Virginia Threeseed Mercury, Virginia Copperleaf, Shortstalk Copperleaf

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_acvi_001_lvd

        

image of Acalypha virginica, Virginia Threeseed Mercury, Virginia Copperleaf, Shortstalk Copperleaf

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_acvi_004_lvd

        

image of Acalypha virginica, Virginia Threeseed Mercury, Virginia Copperleaf, Shortstalk Copperleaf

Terry Holdsclaw    tdh_acalypha_virginica_1

August    Catawba County    NC

Leaves 1.5-2.8× as long as wide, the largest > 2 cm wide, per Weakley's Flora (2020).

image of Acalypha virginica, Virginia Threeseed Mercury, Virginia Copperleaf, Shortstalk Copperleaf

Terry Holdsclaw    tdh_acalypha_virginica_2

August    Catawba County    NC

Pistillate bracts hirsute below (± stipitate-glandular), lobes 1/4-1/2 length, per Flora of North America.