Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


100

Woody vine
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (rare in Mountains)

Look for it in swamp forests, bottomlands, forests, woodlands; also often occurs in mesic or even dry forests, where it generally remains stunted (most individuals with only a few leaves) and does not flower or fruit, per Weakley's Flora

map
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full sun partial shade shade ...Wet ...Moist ...Variable ...Dry

LEAVES:
Often semi-evergreen
Pinnately compound, highly modified to 2 basal leaflets & a terminal tendril
Opposite

FLOWER:
Spring
Red-orange, with yellow or red within
Bisexual
Bilaterally symmetrical
5-merous
5-lobed campanulate calyx
5-lobed trumpet-shaped corolla
4 stamens
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Lamiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Bignonia capreolata   FAMILY Bignoniaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Bignonia capreolata   FAMILY Bignoniaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 167-01-001:
Anisostichus capreolata   FAMILY Bignoniaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Cross-vine


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Bignonia capreolata

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_anca21_001_lvd

        

image of Bignonia capreolata

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_bica_003_lvd

        

image of Bignonia capreolata

JK Marlow    jkm0502a_35

February    Greenville County    SC

Chandler Heritage Preserve

Leaves compound with only 2 leaflets (appearing as 4 leaves per node), per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

image of Bignonia capreolata

JK Marlow    jkm0502b_01

February    Greenville County    SC

Chandler Heritage Preserve

Leaflets elliptic to lanceolate, 2-6" long, with heart-shaped bases, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Bignonia capreolata

JK Marlow    jkm0504c_21

April    McCormick County    SC

Stevens Creek Heritage Preserve

Calyx campanulate, truncate, 6-8mm long, the lobes reduced to 5 mucronate tips, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Bignonia capreolata

JK Marlow    jkm0504g_18

April    Greenville County    SC

Jones Gap State Park

image of Bignonia capreolata

JK Marlow    jkm0504p_03

April    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

Fast-growing vine often occurs high in canopy where light levels are highest, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

image of Bignonia capreolata

JK Marlow    jkm0504p_08

April    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

image of Bignonia capreolata

JK Marlow    jkm160417_391

April    Coffee County    GA

Broxton Rocks Preserve

image of Bignonia capreolata

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_bignonia_capreolata

April        

image of Bignonia capreolata

Paul Thompson    pstbignonia_capreolata

April?        

Leaves are compound, having two leaflets and a branched tendril between them. — Clemson Extension

image of Bignonia capreolata

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmbcapreolata_columbia1

April-May?    Richland County    SC

image of Bignonia capreolata

Alistair Glen    gwn_bignoniacapreolata

May    Pender County    NC

Trumpet or bell-shaped reddish or maroon corolla w 5 flaring yellow lobes, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE Crossvine, Trumpet Creeper and Yellow Jessamine

image of Bignonia capreolata

JK Marlow    jkm100611_050

June    Stanly County    NC

Morrow Mountain State Park

It climbs by its curly tendrils and the small adhesive disks at their tips, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

image of Bignonia capreolata

JK Marlow    jkm140822_956

August    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Opposite pinnately compound lvs w just 2 leaflets & a corkscrew-like tendril, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.