Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1012

Forb
Perennial
Polygamo-dioecious [mostly dioecious, but with some bisexual flowers]

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon (rare in Coastal Plain)

Look for it in cove forests, mesic hardwood forests, generally in nutrient-rich forests though tending to avoid the richest coves, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

shade ...Moist

LEAVES:
Palmately compound
Whorled

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
White/Greenish-white
Sepals obsolete or minute
5 petals
Inferior ovary
Inflorescence a terminal solitary umbel, usually below the leaves

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Red
Drupe

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Campanulids: Apiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Panax quinquefolius   FAMILY Araliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Panax quinquefolius   FAMILY Araliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT) VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 139-02-002:
Panax quinquefolium   FAMILY Araliaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
American Ginseng, Sang


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Panax quinquefolius

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_paqu_001_lvd

        

image of Panax quinquefolius

JK Marlow    jkm090425_035

April    Pickens County    SC

A young plant.

image of Panax quinquefolius

JK Marlow    jkm150412_290

April    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

Each leaf is divided into 5 stalked obovate leaflets, the basal pair smaller, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Panax quinquefolius

Diane Creaton    dmc_03337

July    Jackson County    NC

image of Panax quinquefolius

JK Marlow    jkm100730_165

July    Jackson County    NC

image of Panax quinquefolius

JK Marlow    jkm160702_147

July    Jackson County    NC

Slow-growing but long-lived, with a potential life expectancy of ~ 60 years, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

image of Panax quinquefolius

JK Marlow    jkm170818_672

August    Jackson County    NC

image of Panax quinquefolius

JK Marlow    jkm180828_4338

August    Jackson County    NC

Berry-like drupes develop in late summer, ripening to crimson-red, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Panax quinquefolius

JK Marlow    jkm180828_4340

August    Jackson County    NC

image of Panax quinquefolius

JK Marlow    s071018_a

October    Anderson County    SC

Clemson Forest