Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1013

Forb
Perennial
Polygamo-dioecious [mostly dioecious, but with some bisexual flowers]

Native to North Carolina & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC -

Uncommon in Mountains, rare in Piedmont

Look for it in cove forests, bottomland forests, other nutrient-rich forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

shade ...Moist

LEAVES:
Palmately compound: 3-5 leaflets
A single terminal whorl of 3 leaves

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
White/Greenish-white
Sepals obsolete
5 petals
Inferior ovary
Inflorescence a terminal, solitary, somewhat spherical umbel rising above leaves

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Red
Drupe

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Campanulids: Apiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Panax trifolius   FAMILY Araliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Panax trifolius   FAMILY Araliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT) VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 139-02-001:
Panax trifolium   FAMILY Araliaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Dwarf Ginseng


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Panax trifolius

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_patr2_001_lvd

        

image of Panax trifolius

JK Marlow    jkm080420_102

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Panax trifolius

JK Marlow    jkm140417_067

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Tiny white flowers in solitary, somewhat spherical umbel, above leaves, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Panax trifolius

JK Marlow    jkm140418_250

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Panax trifolius

Tim Spira    tpsptrifolius2

April        

image of Panax trifolius

JK Marlow    jkm060508_014

May    Macon County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Wayah Ranger District

A whorl of 3 leaves, each with 3-5 coarsely toothed, sessile leaflets, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Panax trifolius

JK Marlow    jkm060508_024

May    Macon County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Wayah Ranger District

Three leaves in a whorl on summit of stem, with 3-5 sessile leaflets, per Wildflowers of the Eastern United States.

image of Panax trifolius

JK Marlow    jkm060508_027

May    Macon County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Wayah Ranger District

image of Panax trifolius

JK Marlow    jkm060508_030

May    Macon County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Wayah Ranger District