Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1019

Grass, Sedge, or Rush
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in wet-mesic to dry woods, thickets, and woodland openings, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate, 2-ranked, and often a basal rosette of overwintering leaves

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Early-season ("spring") panicles terminal; later "autumnal" panicles are lateral

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Grain yellowish/Purplish
Grain

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Dichanthelium dichotomum var. dichotomum   FAMILY Poaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Dichanthelium dichotomum var. dichotomum   FAMILY Poaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 029-81-045:
Panicum dichotomum   FAMILY Poaceae

INCLUDING Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950)
Panicum barbulatum

INCLUDING Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950)
Panicum dichotomum

 

COMMON NAME:
Forked Witchgrass, Cypress Witchgrass


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Dichanthelium dichotomum var. dichotomum, Forked Witchgrass, Cypress Witchgrass

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. A. Chase). 1950    pnd_paba7_001_lhd

        

Panicum barbulatum < D. dichotomum var. dichotomum

image of Dichanthelium dichotomum var. dichotomum, Forked Witchgrass, Cypress Witchgrass

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_padi8_001_lvd

        

image of Dichanthelium dichotomum var. dichotomum, Forked Witchgrass, Cypress Witchgrass

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. A. Chase). 1950    pnd_padi8_002_lvd

        

image of Dichanthelium dichotomum var. dichotomum, Forked Witchgrass, Cypress Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200505_4588

May    Spartanburg County    SC

Spikelets glabrous, 1.8-2.3mm long; widest vernal blades 3-8(10)mm wide, per Weakley's Flora (2020).

image of Dichanthelium dichotomum var. dichotomum, Forked Witchgrass, Cypress Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm200602_5611

June    Spartanburg County    SC

Stems 6"-1' tall with well-spaced and rather short leaves, per Vascular Plants of North Carolina.

image of Dichanthelium dichotomum var. dichotomum, Forked Witchgrass, Cypress Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm180711_3378

July    Greenville County    SC

Short branchlets of autumnal phase bear usually much-reduced leaves, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.

image of Dichanthelium dichotomum var. dichotomum, Forked Witchgrass, Cypress Witchgrass

JK Marlow    s100703_d

July    Greenville County    SC

Autumnal phase much branched at middle nodes, lower part usually bladeless, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.

image of Dichanthelium dichotomum var. dichotomum, Forked Witchgrass, Cypress Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm201026_7969

October    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Dichanthelium dichotomum var. dichotomum, Forked Witchgrass, Cypress Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm071105_007

November    Greenville County    SC

Creekside/Riverside

image of Dichanthelium dichotomum var. dichotomum, Forked Witchgrass, Cypress Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm071105_008

November    Greenville County    SC

Creekside/Riverside

image of Dichanthelium dichotomum var. dichotomum, Forked Witchgrass, Cypress Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm071105_010

November    Greenville County    SC

Creekside/Riverside

image of Dichanthelium dichotomum var. dichotomum, Forked Witchgrass, Cypress Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm071105_011

November    Greenville County    SC

Creekside/Riverside

image of Dichanthelium dichotomum var. dichotomum, Forked Witchgrass, Cypress Witchgrass

JK Marlow    jkm071105_013

November    Greenville County    SC

Creekside/Riverside

image of Dichanthelium dichotomum var. dichotomum, Forked Witchgrass, Cypress Witchgrass

JK Marlow    s071105_abc

November    Greenville County    SC

Creekside/Riverside