Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1031

Woody vine
Perennial
Polygamous

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in swamp forests, bottomlands, maritime forests and thickets, rock outcrops, mesic forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade shade ...Wet ...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Palmately compound
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Calyx red/ Petals yellowish-green
Bisexual & unisexual
Radially symmetrical
Calyx usually unlobed
5 petals
5 stamens, abortive in pistillate flowers
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer
Blue-black
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Vitales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Parthenocissus quinquefolia   FAMILY Vitaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Parthenocissus quinquefolia   FAMILY Vitaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 120-01-001:
Parthenocissus quinquefolia   FAMILY Vitaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Virginia Creeper


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Parthenocissus quinquefolia

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_paqu2_001_lvd

        

image of Parthenocissus quinquefolia

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / US Forest Service    pnd_paqu2_005_lvd

        

image of Parthenocissus quinquefolia

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / US Forest Service    pnd_paqu2_008_lvd

        

image of Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Roxanna Martin    rlm41808_232

April    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Parthenocissus quinquefolia

JK Marlow    jkm0005f_27

May    Greenville County    SC

image of Parthenocissus quinquefolia

JK Marlow    jkm150519_087

May    Calhoun County    SC

Congaree Bluffs Heritage Preserve

Seedling.

image of Parthenocissus quinquefolia

JK Marlow    jkm170520_845

May    Sumter County    SC

image of Parthenocissus quinquefolia

JK Marlow    jkm170520_941

May    Calhoun County    SC

Disks on small branching tendrils adhere to walls, trees and rocks, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

image of Parthenocissus quinquefolia

JK Marlow    jkm170520_942

May    Calhoun County    SC

image of Parthenocissus quinquefolia

JK Marlow    jkm170520_968

May    Calhoun County    SC

The "ivy-covered walls" of many universities are covered by creeper not ivy, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

image of Parthenocissus quinquefolia

JK Marlow    jkm170527_562

May    Anderson County    SC

image of Parthenocissus quinquefolia

JK Marlow    jkm170527_565

May    Anderson County    SC

The adhesive disks secrete a cement-like substance, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

image of Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Keith Bradley    kab_p_quinquefolia_73939

May    Miami-Dade County    FL

image of Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Keith Bradley    kab_p_quinquefolia_73944

May    Miami-Dade County    FL

image of Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Keith Bradley    kab_p_quinquefolia_73962

May    Miami-Dade County    FL

image of Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Keith Bradley    kab_p_quinquefolia_73979

May    Miami-Dade County    FL

Tiny flowers have 5 yellowish-green petals & a red calyx, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

image of Parthenocissus quinquefolia

JK Marlow    s040515_n

May    Greenville County    SC

5(3-7) ovate to elliptic to obovate leaflets, margins serrate above middle, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

image of Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Roxanna Martin    rlm62610_43

June    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Roxanna Martin    rlm6609_074

June    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Parthenocissus quinquefolia

JK Marlow    jkm130709_399

July    Greenville County    SC

Branched tendrils occur opposite the leaves of growing shoots, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

image of Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Roxanna Martin    rlm742009_014

July    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Gill Newberry    gn09_p_quinquefolia_fruit

September        

Drupe black to dark blue and white waxy, containing 3 lustrous brown seeds, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

image of Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Gill Newberry    gn09_p_quinquefolia_lvs

September        

image of Parthenocissus quinquefolia

JK Marlow    jkm150912_160

September    Clay County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Tusquitee Ranger District

image of Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Paul Thompson    pstparthenocissus_quinqu

Month Unknown        

Tendrils are branched and have attachment disks. — Clemson Extension

image of Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Roxanna Martin    rlm101808_149

October    Spartanburg County    SC

The persistent fruits are eaten by numerous songbirds, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

image of Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Will Stuart    wil_10601762383

October    Chesterfield County    SC

Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge

Its rich crimson fall foliage is among the first to color in autumn, per Gardening with the Native Plants of Tennessee.