Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1068

Grass, Sedge, or Rush
Perennial

Non-native
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common in outer Coastal Plain (rare elsewhere)

Look for it in brackish and freshwater marshes, dredge-spoil deposit islands, ditches, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here


INVASIVE

This plant is causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

Alabama Invasive Plant Council, 2012
Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2006
Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2013
NC Department of Transportation
SC Department of Natural Resources Aquatic Nuisance Species List, 2003
SC Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2014
SC List of Regulated Pest Plant Species, 2017
Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2009
Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation, 2014

 

LEAVES:
Simple
Basal

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Glumes purplish

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Grain

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Phragmites australis   FAMILY Poaceae

LESS THAN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Phragmites australis   FAMILY Poaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 029-05-001:
Phragmites communis   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH The Plants of Pennsylvania (Rhoads & Block, 2007)
Phragmites australis ssp. australis

LESS THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Phragmites phragmites

 

COMMON NAME:
Common Reed


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Phragmites australis

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide    pnd_phau7_003_lvd

        

image of Phragmites australis

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. A. Chase). 1950    pnd_phco15_001_lvd

        

image of Phragmites australis

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_phph4_001_lvd

        

image of Phragmites australis

    wwwmdinvasive_phragmites

        

www.mdinvasivesp.org/species/terrestrial_plants/Phragmites.html

image of Phragmites australis

Ohio State Weed Lab Archive, The Ohio State University, Bugwood.org    bug_1559081

Month Unknown        

image of Phragmites australis

D. Walters & C. Southwick, USDA APHIS ITP, Bugwood.org    bug_5466562

Month Unknown        

image of Phragmites australis

D. Walters & C. Southwick, USDA APHIS ITP, Bugwood.org    bug_5466563

Month Unknown        

image of Phragmites australis

D. Walters & C. Southwick, USDA APHIS ITP, Bugwood.org    bug_5466565

Month Unknown        

image of Phragmites australis

Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org    bug_5480710

Month Unknown        

image of Phragmites australis

Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org    bug_5487067

Month Unknown        

image of Phragmites australis

Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org    bug_5487097

Month Unknown        

Culms erect, with stout creeping rhizomes and often also with stolons, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.

image of Phragmites australis

Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org    bug_5487154

Month Unknown        

A tall (to 20') wetland grass with leaves sticking out like a corn plant's, per Invasive Plants, Guide to Identification, Impacts and Control.

image of Phragmites australis

Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org    bug_5487193

Month Unknown        

Panicle tawny or purplish, 15-40cm long, the branches ascending, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.

image of Phragmites australis

Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org    bug_5487226

Month Unknown        

Panicle rather densely flowered, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.