Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1068

Grass, Sedge, or Rush
Perennial

Non-native
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common in outer Coastal Plain (rare elsewhere)

Look for it in brackish and freshwater marshes, dredge-spoil deposit islands, ditches, per Weakley's Flora

map
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INVASIVE

This plant is causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

Alabama Invasive Plant Council, 2012
Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2006
Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2013
NC Department of Transportation
SC Department of Agriculture Noxious Weed List, 2017
SC Department of Natural Resources Aquatic Nuisance Species List, 2003
SC Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2014
Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2009
Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation, 2014

 

LEAVES:
Simple
Basal

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Glumes purplish

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Grain

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Phragmites australis   FAMILY Poaceae

LESS THAN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Phragmites australis   FAMILY Poaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 029-05-001:
Phragmites communis   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH The Plants of Pennsylvania (Rhoads & Block, 2007)
Phragmites australis ssp. australis

LESS THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Phragmites phragmites

 

COMMON NAME:
Common Reed