Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1079

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in a wide variety of natural & disturbed habitats, usually associated with exposed mineral soil, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun ...Variable

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate
Petioles 1-5cm long
Margins entire or sometimes crisped [wavy or crinkled]

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Greenish-white
Bisexual
5 sepals
Petals absent
5-30 stamens
Superior ovary

Flowers in racemes

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Purplish-black
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Caryophyllales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Phytolacca americana   FAMILY Phytolaccaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Phytolacca americana var. americana   FAMILY Phytolaccaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 068-01-001:
Phytolacca americana   FAMILY Phytolaccaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Common Pokeweed, Poke


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Phytolacca americana, Common Pokeweed, Poke

JK Marlow    jkm150224_705

February    Greenville County    SC

image of Phytolacca americana, Common Pokeweed, Poke

JK Marlow    jkm100427_001

April    Greenville County    SC

Leaf blades elliptic, ovate-elliptic, or ovate-lanceolate, per Aquatic and Wetland Plants of Southeastern United States by Robert K. Godfrey, Jean W. Wooten.

image of Phytolacca americana, Common Pokeweed, Poke

Roxanna Martin    rlm51511_16

May    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Phytolacca americana, Common Pokeweed, Poke

JK Marlow    jkm200625_6077

June    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

Bloom where you are planted...

image of Phytolacca americana, Common Pokeweed, Poke

JK Marlow    jkm0407b_05

July    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

Smooth stems are strongly tinged with red-purple, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Phytolacca americana, Common Pokeweed, Poke

Roxanna Martin    rlm7210_167

July    Spartanburg County    SC

5-30 stamens that are as long as the sepals. Superior ovary, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Phytolacca americana, Common Pokeweed, Poke

Roxanna Martin    rlm7210_180

July    Spartanburg County    SC

Fruiting pedicels usually 7-12mm long (longer than those of P. rigida), per Weakley's Flora (2012).

image of Phytolacca americana, Common Pokeweed, Poke

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_p_americana_2

July        

image of Phytolacca americana, Common Pokeweed, Poke

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_p_americana_2b

July        

Flowers have 5 round greenish-white or pinkish petaloid sepals [no petals], per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Phytolacca americana, Common Pokeweed, Poke

Steve Marlow    snm9807_17a

July    Greenville County    SC

Said to grow to 10' tall, but that's 3 yardsticks end to end that I'm holding.

image of Phytolacca americana, Common Pokeweed, Poke

JK Marlow    jkm200808_6956

August    Transylvania County    NC

DuPont State Forest

Flowers, developing fruit, and ripe fruit - all at once!

image of Phytolacca americana, Common Pokeweed, Poke

Roxanna Martin    rlm82308_019

August    Spartanburg County    SC

Fruiting raceme divergent or drooping. Berries once used as a source of ink, per Weakley's Flora (2020).

image of Phytolacca americana, Common Pokeweed, Poke

JK Marlow    jkm061022_007

October    Pickens County    SC

Roadside

image of Phytolacca americana, Common Pokeweed, Poke

Paul Thompson    pstphytolacca_americana2

Month Unknown        

Raceme may be erect in flower, or divergent or drooping in flower and fruit, per Weakley's Flora (2012).