Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1079

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in a wide variety of natural & disturbed habitats, usually associated with exposed mineral soil, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun ...Variable

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Greenish-white
Bisexual
5 sepals
Petals absent
5-30 stamens
Superior ovary
Flowers in racemes

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Purplish-black
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Caryophyllales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Phytolacca americana   FAMILY Phytolaccaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Phytolacca americana var. americana   FAMILY Phytolaccaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 068-01-001:
Phytolacca americana   FAMILY Phytolaccaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Common Pokeweed, Poke


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Phytolacca americana

JK Marlow    jkm150224_705

February    Greenville County    SC

image of Phytolacca americana

JK Marlow    jkm100427_001

April    Greenville County    SC

image of Phytolacca americana

Roxanna Martin    rlm51511_16

May    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Phytolacca americana

JK Marlow    jkm0407b_05

July    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

Smooth stems are strongly tinged with red-purple, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Phytolacca americana

Roxanna Martin    rlm7210_167

July    Spartanburg County    SC

5-30 stamens that are as long as the sepals. Superior ovary, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Phytolacca americana

Roxanna Martin    rlm7210_180

July    Spartanburg County    SC

Fruiting pedicels usually 7-12mm long (longer than those of P. rigida), per Weakley's Flora.

image of Phytolacca americana

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_p_americana_2

July        

image of Phytolacca americana

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_p_americana_2b

July        

Flowers have 5 round greenish-white or pinkish petaloid sepals [no petals], per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Phytolacca americana

Steve Marlow    snm9807_17a

July    Greenville County    SC

Poke grows 3 to 10' tall. [That's 3 yardsticks I'm holding.], per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC.

image of Phytolacca americana

Roxanna Martin    rlm82308_019

August    Spartanburg County    SC

The juice of the berries was once used for ink, per Wild Flowers of NC, 1st edition.

image of Phytolacca americana

Tim Spira    tpspamericana

August        

image of Phytolacca americana

Tim Spira    tpspamericana8

September        

image of Phytolacca americana

JK Marlow    jkm061022_007

October    Pickens County    SC

Roadside

image of Phytolacca americana

Paul Thompson    pstphytolacca_americana2

Month Unknown        

Raceme may be erect in flower, or divergent or drooping in flower and fruit, per Weakley's Flora.