Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


115

Forb
Perennial
Polygamous

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in Piedmont, uncommon in SC, rare in GA)

Look for it in upland forests & woodlands, rocky places, most typically in rather dry places, such as ridgetop forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

partial shade shade ...Variable ...Dry

LEAVES:
Ternately compound, each division with 3-5 leaflets
Plant acaulescent (without aerial stems). Leaves usually solitary

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Greenish-white
Mostly bisexual
Radially symmetrical
5 sepals
5 petals
5 stamens
Inferior ovary
Flowers in umbels

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Drupe

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Campanulids: Apiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Aralia nudicaulis   FAMILY Araliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Aralia nudicaulis   FAMILY Araliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 139-03-002:
Aralia nudicaulis   FAMILY Araliaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Wild Sarsaparilla


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Aralia nudicaulis, image of Aralia nudicaulis

Marion Satterlee    cob_wild_sarsaparilla

        

An illustration from How To Know The Wild Flowers by Frances Theodora, 1893.

picture of Aralia nudicaulis, image of Aralia nudicaulis

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_arnu2_001_lvd

        

picture of Aralia nudicaulis, image of Aralia nudicaulis

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / US Forest Service    pnd_arnu2_002_lhd

        

picture of Aralia nudicaulis, image of Aralia nudicaulis

JK Marlow    jkm120505_973

May    Rabun County    GA

Chattahoochee National Forest

picture of Aralia nudicaulis, image of Aralia nudicaulis

JK Marlow    jkm120505_976

May    Rabun County    GA

Chattahoochee National Forest

Greenish flowers usually in 3 small umbels on a separate stalk, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

picture of Aralia nudicaulis, image of Aralia nudicaulis

JK Marlow    jkm120505_984

May    Rabun County    GA

Chattahoochee National Forest

picture of Aralia nudicaulis, image of Aralia nudicaulis

JK Marlow    jkm120505_989

May    Rabun County    GA

Chattahoochee National Forest

Polygamous plants have unisexual and bisexual flowers.

picture of Aralia nudicaulis, image of Aralia nudicaulis

JK Marlow    jkm120517_098

May    Yancey County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

picture of Aralia nudicaulis, image of Aralia nudicaulis

JK Marlow    jkm120517_102

May    Yancey County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

picture of Aralia nudicaulis, image of Aralia nudicaulis

JK Marlow    jkm140519_915

May    Jackson County    NC

Big Ridge Preserve

Can you tell the young Hickory from the Wild Sarsaparilla?

picture of Aralia nudicaulis, image of Aralia nudicaulis

Ron Lance    rwl_aralianudicaulis2

May    Jackson County    NC

Leaf umbrella-like over the flowers, divided into 3 groups of 5 leaflets, per Newcomb's Wildflower Guide.

picture of Aralia nudicaulis, image of Aralia nudicaulis

JK Marlow    jkm140607_572

June    Jackson County    NC

Whiteside Mountain

picture of Aralia nudicaulis, image of Aralia nudicaulis

JK Marlow    jkm140607_572b

June    Jackson County    NC

Whiteside Mountain

The 5 styles are separate, 2-3mm long, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

picture of Aralia nudicaulis, image of Aralia nudicaulis

JK Marlow    jkm140607_575

June    Jackson County    NC

Whiteside Mountain

picture of Aralia nudicaulis, image of Aralia nudicaulis

JK Marlow    jkm090923_060

September    Hancock County    ME

Acadia National Park

picture of Aralia nudicaulis, image of Aralia nudicaulis

JK Marlow    jkm130905_810

September        New Brunswick, Canada

Has a single compound leaf with 3 primary forks, each with 3-5 leaflets, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.