Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1169

Fern/Fern ally
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (rare in Coastal Plain)

Look for it mainly in dry woodlands, and (depending on subspecies) heath balds or sandhills and flatwoods, per Weakley's Flora

map
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full sun partial shade ...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Deciduous
2-pinnate-pinnatifid to 3-pinnate
Leaves widely spaced along a creeping subterranean rhizome

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Monilophytes (ferns): Leptosporangiate Ferns (true ferns): Polypodiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (2/8/20):
Pteridium latiusculum   FAMILY Dennstaedtiaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum   FAMILY Dennstaedtiaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 010-05-001:
Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum   FAMILY Pteridaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Pteris latiuscula var. latiuscula

 

COMMON NAME:
Eastern Bracken, Brake


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Pteridium latiusculum, Eastern Bracken, Brake

JK Marlow    jkm150424_721

April    Blount County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Pteridium latiusculum, Eastern Bracken, Brake

Emily B. Sessa    ebspaquilinum_9374

May        

image of Pteridium latiusculum, Eastern Bracken, Brake

Emily B. Sessa    ebspaquilinum_9377

May        

image of Pteridium latiusculum, Eastern Bracken, Brake

Emily B. Sessa    ebspaquilinum_9396

May        

image of Pteridium latiusculum, Eastern Bracken, Brake

JK Marlow    jkm0205cb_10a

May    Greenville County    SC

Blade broadly triangular, divided into 3 nearly equal parts, per Peterson Field Guide to Ferns of Northeastern and Central North America.

image of Pteridium latiusculum, Eastern Bracken, Brake

JK Marlow    jkm080505_044b

May    Spartanburg County    SC

Chinquapin Greenway

image of Pteridium latiusculum, Eastern Bracken, Brake

JK Marlow    jkm120505_168

May    Rabun County    GA

Chattahoochee National Forest

In crosier form, 3 sections of frond uncoil like an eagle's claw opening, per Peterson Field Guide to Ferns of Northeastern and Central North America.

image of Pteridium latiusculum, Eastern Bracken, Brake

Emily B. Sessa    ebspaquilinum_1747

July        

Blade reflexed almost to the horizontal (parallel to ground), per Peterson Field Guide to Ferns of Northeastern and Central North America.

image of Pteridium latiusculum, Eastern Bracken, Brake

Emily B. Sessa    ebspaquilinum_1770

July        

image of Pteridium latiusculum, Eastern Bracken, Brake

JK Marlow    jkm0511a_18

November    Haywood County    NC

Turns brown in autumn, but does not wither away until following year, per How to Know the Ferns by Frances Theodora Parsons, 1899.