Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1169

Fern/Fern ally
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it mainly in dry woodlands, and (depending on subspecies) heath balds or sandhills and flatwoods, per Weakley's Flora

map
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full sun partial shade ...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Bipinnate-pinnatifid to tripinnate
Leaves widely spaced along a creeping subterranean rhizome

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Monilophytes (ferns): Leptosporangiate Ferns (true ferns): Polypodiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Pteridium latiusculum +   FAMILY Dennstaedtiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Pteridium aquilinum +   FAMILY Dennstaedtiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 010-05-001:
Pteridium aquilinum +   FAMILY Pteridaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Bracken, Brake


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Pteridium latiusculum +

JK Marlow    jkm150424_721

April    Blount County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Pteridium latiusculum +

Emily B. Sessa    ebspaquilinum_9374

May        

image of Pteridium latiusculum +

Emily B. Sessa    ebspaquilinum_9377

May        

image of Pteridium latiusculum +

Emily B. Sessa    ebspaquilinum_9396

May        

image of Pteridium latiusculum +

JK Marlow    jkm0205cb_10a

May    Greenville County    SC

Blade broadly triangular, divided into 3 nearly equal parts, per Peterson Field Guide to Ferns of Northeastern and Central North America.

image of Pteridium latiusculum +

JK Marlow    jkm080505_044b

May    Spartanburg County    SC

Chinquapin Greenway

image of Pteridium latiusculum +

JK Marlow    jkm120505_168

May    Rabun County    GA

Chattahoochee National Forest

In crosier form, 3 sections of frond uncoil like an eagle's claw opening, per Peterson Field Guide to Ferns of Northeastern and Central North America.

image of Pteridium latiusculum +

Emily B. Sessa    ebspaquilinum_1747

July        

Blade reflexed almost to the horizontal (parallel to ground), per Peterson Field Guide to Ferns of Northeastern and Central North America.

image of Pteridium latiusculum +

Emily B. Sessa    ebspaquilinum_1752

July        

Sori covered or partially covered by the reflexed edges of the pinnules, per Peterson Field Guide to Ferns of Northeastern and Central North America.

image of Pteridium latiusculum +

Emily B. Sessa    ebspaquilinum_1754

July        

Sori form infrequently in narrow lines near margins of pinnules, per Peterson Field Guide to Ferns of Northeastern and Central North America.

image of Pteridium latiusculum +

Emily B. Sessa    ebspaquilinum_1770

July        

image of Pteridium latiusculum +

JK Marlow    jkm0511a_18

November    Haywood County    NC

Turns brown in autumn, but does not wither away until following year, per How to Know the Ferns by Frances Theodora Parsons, 1899.