Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1238

Shrub; Woody vine
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in a wide range of habitats, including mesic forests, rock outcrops, swamp forests, brackish marshes, open areas, disturbed ground, usually in more mesic to hydric sites than T. pubescens, & particularly common in areas with fertile soils, such as bottomlands or over calcareous rocks or calcareous sands (as in maritime forests), per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

partial shade ...Wet ...Moist ...Variable

LEAVES:
Deciduous
Pinnately compound: 3 leaflets
Alternate

FLOWER:
Spring
Greenish-yellow/White
Usually bisexual
4-5 sepals
4-5 petals
4-5 stamens

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
White/Gray
Drupe

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Malvids: Sapindales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Toxicodendron radicans var. radicans   FAMILY Anacardiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Toxicodendron radicans ssp. radicans   FAMILY Anacardiaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 110-01-002:
Rhus radicans   FAMILY Anacardiaceae

GREATER THAN Gray's Manual of Botany (Fernald, 1950)
Rhus radicans var. radicans

 

COMMON NAME:
Eastern Poison Ivy


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Toxicodendron radicans var. radicans

JK Marlow    jkm0404a_29

April    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

image of Toxicodendron radicans var. radicans

JK Marlow    jkm120424_462

April    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

image of Toxicodendron radicans var. radicans

JK Marlow    jkm120424_478

April    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

Note the dense aggregate of fibrous hair-like rootlets attached to tree bark, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

image of Toxicodendron radicans var. radicans

Roxanna Martin    rlm42411_13

April    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Toxicodendron radicans var. radicans

JK Marlow    jkm0405b_16

May    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

Can grow as a prostrate ground cover, a low shrub, or a high-climbing vine, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

image of Toxicodendron radicans var. radicans

JK Marlow    jkm090503_004

May    Polk County    NC

Trying to disguise itself as Hepatica acutiloba?

image of Toxicodendron radicans var. radicans

JK Marlow    jkm180515_2243

May    Spartanburg County    SC

Roadside

image of Toxicodendron radicans var. radicans

Roxanna Martin    rlm52911_19

May    Spartanburg County    SC

Drupe glabrous to short-pubescent, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Toxicodendron radicans var. radicans

Roxanna Martin    rlm5708_086

May    Spartanburg County    SC

Panicles in the lower leaf axils, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Toxicodendron radicans var. radicans

JK Marlow    s040515_cdh

May    Greenville County    SC

Bunched Arrowhead Heritage Preserve

Lateral leaflets often assymmetric, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

image of Toxicodendron radicans var. radicans

JK Marlow    s040515_egj

May    Greenville County    SC

Bunched Arrowhead Heritage Preserve

Leaflets entire to serrate to shallowly lobed; lateral leaflets sessile, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE leaves of Poison Ivy and others confused with it

image of Toxicodendron radicans var. radicans

JK Marlow    s040515_ik

May    Greenville County    SC

Bunched Arrowhead Heritage Preserve

Leaves thin, softly hairy and lighter green beneath, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE leaves that are trifoliolate and pinnately compound

image of Toxicodendron radicans var. radicans

JK Marlow    jkm0410g_20

October    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

image of Toxicodendron radicans var. radicans

JK Marlow    jkm0410g_21

October    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

image of Toxicodendron radicans var. radicans

JK Marlow    jkm0410k_36

October    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

image of Toxicodendron radicans var. radicans

JK Marlow    jkm0410m_22

October    Greenville County    SC

Bunched Arrowhead Heritage Preserve

Spherical dry hairless drupe, 4-7mm wide, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.