Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


124

Forb
Perennial
Reversibly dioecious, or monoecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in mesic forests, bottomlands, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade shade ...Wet ...Moist ...Variable

LEAVES:
Palmately compound: 3 leaflets
Basal

FLOWER:
Spring
Spathe hood green or green striped with purple
Inflorescence a spadix

FRUIT:
Summer
Red
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Alismatales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Arisaema triphyllum   FAMILY Araceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Arisaema triphyllum ssp. triphyllum   FAMILY Araceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 032-05-002:
Arisaema triphyllum   FAMILY Araceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Arisaema triphyllum

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of Vascular Plants of NE US & Adjacent Canada (Gleason & Cronquist,1991)
Arisaema triphyllum var. triphyllum

 

COMMON NAME:
Common Jack in the Pulpit , Indian Turnip


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

picture of Arisaema triphyllum, image of Arisaema triphyllum

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_artrt3_001_lvd

        

picture of Arisaema triphyllum, image of Arisaema triphyllum

Ben Geer Keys    bgk124_c

April        

Spathe flange much wider than in A. stewardsonii, acuminatum, or pusillum, per Weakley's Flora.

picture of Arisaema triphyllum, image of Arisaema triphyllum

Keith Bradley    kab_a_triphyllum_03089

April    Greenville County    SC

Caesars Head State Park

picture of Arisaema triphyllum, image of Arisaema triphyllum

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_a_triphyllum_tri

April        

picture of Arisaema triphyllum, image of Arisaema triphyllum

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_arisaema_triphyllum

April        

Normally a pair of leaves, each palmately divided into thirds, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

picture of Arisaema triphyllum, image of Arisaema triphyllum

JK Marlow    jkm0305s_21

May    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

picture of Arisaema triphyllum, image of Arisaema triphyllum

JK Marlow    jkm0305z_10

May    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

picture of Arisaema triphyllum, image of Arisaema triphyllum

JK Marlow    jkm0305z_11

May    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

picture of Arisaema triphyllum, image of Arisaema triphyllum

JK Marlow    jkm0305z_12

May    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

1-2 leaves, with 3 ovate leaflets, overtop & often hide the inflorescence, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

picture of Arisaema triphyllum, image of Arisaema triphyllum

JK Marlow    jkm160502_057

May    Macon County    NC

A plant that can change gender from one year to the next [here female], per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

picture of Arisaema triphyllum, image of Arisaema triphyllum

Teri Nye    nye_1378_web

May    Macon County    NC

Spathe hides the tiny flowers at spadix base (male on left, female on right).

picture of Arisaema triphyllum, image of Arisaema triphyllum

Teri Nye    nye_1456

May    Macon County    NC

picture of Arisaema triphyllum, image of Arisaema triphyllum

Ben Geer Keys    bgk124_b

May?        

picture of Arisaema triphyllum, image of Arisaema triphyllum

Patrick D. McMillan    pdma_triphyllum

June    Somerset County    ME

picture of Arisaema triphyllum, image of Arisaema triphyllum

Ben Geer Keys    bgk124_a

July        

In cultivation

A solid green or purple-striped spathe (pulpit) surrounds the spadix (jack), per Wildflowers of Tennessee.

picture of Arisaema triphyllum, image of Arisaema triphyllum

JK Marlow    jkm060704_004

July    Pickens County    SC

picture of Arisaema triphyllum, image of Arisaema triphyllum

JK Marlow    jkm160707_219

July    Spartanburg County    SC

Chinquapin Greenway

picture of Arisaema triphyllum, image of Arisaema triphyllum

Tim Spira    tps_atriphyllum

July        

picture of Arisaema triphyllum, image of Arisaema triphyllum

JK Marlow    jkm160818_621

August    Polk County    NC

Pearson's Falls

picture of Arisaema triphyllum, image of Arisaema triphyllum

JK Marlow    jkm080924_121

September    Haywood County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

picture of Arisaema triphyllum, image of Arisaema triphyllum

JK Marlow    jkm160919_023

September    Polk County    NC

Pearson's Falls

Leaves glaucous beneath at maturity (vs A. stewardsonii, acuminatum, pusillum), per Weakley's Flora.

picture of Arisaema triphyllum, image of Arisaema triphyllum

Tim Spira    tps_atriphyllum_frts

October        

The bright red berries are found clustered at base of the spadix in autumn, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.