Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


124

Forb
Perennial
Reversibly dioecious, or monoecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in mesic forests, bottomlands, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade shade ...Wet ...Moist ...Variable

LEAVES:
Palmately compound: 3 leaflets
Basal

FLOWER:
Spring
Spathe hood green or green striped with purple
Inflorescence a spadix

FRUIT:
Summer
Red
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Alismatales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Arisaema triphyllum   FAMILY Araceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Arisaema triphyllum ssp. triphyllum   FAMILY Araceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 032-05-002:
Arisaema triphyllum   FAMILY Araceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Arisaema triphyllum

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of Vascular Plants of NE US & Adjacent Canada (Gleason & Cronquist,1991)
Arisaema triphyllum var. triphyllum

 

COMMON NAME:
Common Jack in the Pulpit , Indian Turnip


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Arisaema triphyllum

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_artrt3_001_lvd

        

image of Arisaema triphyllum

Ben Geer Keys    bgk124_c

April        

Spathe flange much wider than in A. stewardsonii, acuminatum, or pusillum, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Arisaema triphyllum

Keith Bradley    kab_a_triphyllum_03089

April    Greenville County    SC

Caesars Head State Park

image of Arisaema triphyllum

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_a_triphyllum_tri

April        

image of Arisaema triphyllum

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_arisaema_triphyllum

April        

Normally a pair of leaves, each palmately divided into thirds, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Arisaema triphyllum

JK Marlow    jkm0305s_21

May    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Arisaema triphyllum

JK Marlow    jkm0305z_10

May    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

image of Arisaema triphyllum

JK Marlow    jkm0305z_11

May    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

image of Arisaema triphyllum

JK Marlow    jkm0305z_12

May    Rutherford County    NC

Chimney Rock Park

1-2 leaves, with 3 ovate leaflets, overtop & often hide the inflorescence, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Arisaema triphyllum

JK Marlow    jkm160502_057

May    Macon County    NC

A plant that can change gender from one year to the next [here female], per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

image of Arisaema triphyllum

Teri Nye    nye_1378_web

May    Macon County    NC

Spathe hides the tiny flowers at spadix base (male on left, female on right).

image of Arisaema triphyllum

Teri Nye    nye_1456

May    Macon County    NC

image of Arisaema triphyllum

Ben Geer Keys    bgk124_b

May?        

image of Arisaema triphyllum

Patrick D. McMillan    pdma_triphyllum

June    Somerset County    ME

image of Arisaema triphyllum

Ben Geer Keys    bgk124_a

July        

In cultivation

A solid green or purple-striped spathe (pulpit) surrounds the spadix (jack), per Wildflowers of Tennessee.

image of Arisaema triphyllum

JK Marlow    jkm060704_004

July    Pickens County    SC

image of Arisaema triphyllum

JK Marlow    jkm160707_219

July    Spartanburg County    SC

Chinquapin Greenway

image of Arisaema triphyllum

Tim Spira    tps_atriphyllum

July        

image of Arisaema triphyllum

JK Marlow    jkm160818_621

August    Polk County    NC

Pearson's Falls

image of Arisaema triphyllum

JK Marlow    jkm080924_121

September    Haywood County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Arisaema triphyllum

JK Marlow    jkm160919_023

September    Polk County    NC

Pearson's Falls

Leaves glaucous beneath at maturity (vs A. stewardsonii, acuminatum, pusillum), per Weakley's Flora.

image of Arisaema triphyllum

Tim Spira    tps_atriphyllum_frts

October        

The bright red berries are found clustered at base of the spadix in autumn, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.