Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1312

Forb
Perennial
Has orange to red latex (milky sap)

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in Coastal Plain)

Look for it in moist nutrient-rich forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

shade ...Moist ...Variable

LEAVES:
Simple
Basal: usually a solitary leaf

FLOWER:
Spring
White
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical, or nearly so
2-merous
2 sepals
8-12 petals
16-24 stamens (approximately)
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Spring
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Ranunculales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Sanguinaria canadensis   FAMILY Papaveraceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Sanguinaria canadensis   FAMILY Papaveraceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 085-01-001:
Sanguinaria canadensis   FAMILY Papaveraceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Bloodroot, Red Puccoon


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Sanguinaria canadensis

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_saca13_001_lvd

        

image of Sanguinaria canadensis

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_s_canadensis_7

February        

image of Sanguinaria canadensis

Harry Davis    hld1312_crw_4744

March    Greenville County    SC

image of Sanguinaria canadensis

Jerry Bright    jeb_031508_055

March    McCormick County    SC

Stevens Creek Heritage Preserve

8-16 white petals, 4 of which are slightly longer than the others, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Sanguinaria canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm080322_041

March    Pickens County    SC

Table Rock State Park

image of Sanguinaria canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm080329_045

March    Pickens County    SC

Keowee Toxaway State Natural Area

Each plant has only one flower and usually only one leaf, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Sanguinaria canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm110313_942

March    Greenville County    SC

Chestnut Ridge Heritage Preserve

A superior ovary, and about twice as many stamens as petals, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Sanguinaria canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm110313_945

March    Greenville County    SC

Chestnut Ridge Heritage Preserve

image of Sanguinaria canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm110313_975

March    Greenville County    SC

Chestnut Ridge Heritage Preserve

A double-flowered form?

image of Sanguinaria canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm120330_221

March    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

Leaf often glaucous beneath, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Sanguinaria canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm160326_113

March    Laurens County    SC

Thick rhizomes with bright orange-red juice, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Sanguinaria canadensis

Roxanna Martin    rlm3812_20

March    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Sanguinaria canadensis

Steve Marlow    snm080322_043

March    Pickens County    SC

Table Rock State Park

image of Sanguinaria canadensis

Tim Spira    tpsscanadensis2

March        

image of Sanguinaria canadensis

Ben Geer Keys    bgk1312_b

March?        

image of Sanguinaria canadensis

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmsanguinaria_perfect

March?    Oconee County    SC

Oconee Station/Station Cove

image of Sanguinaria canadensis

Ben Geer Keys    bgk1312_d

April        

image of Sanguinaria canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm0304e_18

April    Oconee County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Andrew Pickens Ranger District

Leaf is circular in outline but palmately lobed, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Sanguinaria canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm0404g_31

April    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

The single leaf is folded around the flower scape, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Sanguinaria canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm0504g_06

April    Greenville County    SC

Jones Gap State Park

image of Sanguinaria canadensis

Steve Marlow    snm100403_102

April    Pickens County    SC

Nine Times Preserve

image of Sanguinaria canadensis

Tim Spira    tpssanguinaria_frts2

April        

Capsule fusiform [broadest near the middle and tapering toward both ends], per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Sanguinaria canadensis

Tim Spira    tpsscanadensis12_17

April        

image of Sanguinaria canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm160505_506

May    Jackson County    NC

Seeds contain a white, lipid-rich appendage (elaiosome) that attracts ants, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

image of Sanguinaria canadensis

JK Marlow    jkm160505_512

May    Jackson County    NC