Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1348

Grass, Sedge, or Rush
Annual

Non-native: Eurasia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Commonly cultivated, uncommonly volunteering or persistent after cultivation

Look for it in fields, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate, 2-ranked

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Inflorescence a spike

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Grain

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Secale cereale   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Secale cereale   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 029-22-001:
Secale cereale   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950)
Secale cereale

 

COMMON NAME:
Cereal Rye


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Secale cereale

JK Marlow    jkm0505d_12

May    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

image of Secale cereale

JK Marlow    s050503_d

May    Greenville County    SC

Spike 6-15cm long including awns, 12-15mm broad, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Secale cereale

JK Marlow    s050503_d1

May    Greenville County    SC

image of Secale cereale

JK Marlow    s050503_d2

May    Greenville County    SC

Spikelets alternate on opposite sides of rachis, mostly 2-flowered, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Secale cereale

JK Marlow    s050503_e

May    Greenville County    SC

Leaves caulinge, blades to 20cm long; sheaths glabrous, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Secale cereale

JK Marlow    s050503_f

May    Greenville County    SC

image of Secale cereale

JK Marlow    s050503_g

May    Greenville County    SC

image of Secale cereale

JK Marlow    jkm0305zc_24

June    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

In habit resembling wheat, but usually taller, spike more slender, nodding, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE seedheads of Bottlebrush Grass, Cereal Rye, and Virginia Wild-rye

image of Secale cereale

JK Marlow    jkm0007a_26a

July    Henderson County    NC

Roadside

image of Secale cereale

JK Marlow    jkm0007a_29a

July    Henderson County    NC

Roadside

An important crop, cultivated for at least 8000 years, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Secale cereale

JK Marlow    jkm0007b_04

July    Henderson County    NC

Roadside

The lemmas have awns 2-6 cm long, per Weakley's Flora.