Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1375

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Rare

Look for it on moist slopes, creekbanks, & rock outcrops in humid escarpment gorges with high rainfall, generally in deep shade under Rhododendron maximum & Rh. minus. This variety occurs in Transylvania & Jackson counties, NC, Oconee & Pickens counties, SC, and Rabun County, GA, where it occurs in the remarkable escarpment gorges region, at elevations from 200-650m (formerly at lower elevations, now submerged under Lake Jocassee). Most of the population of this species was destroyed in the 1960's by the construction of Lake Jocassee, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

shade ...Moist

LEAVES:
Evergreen
Simple
Basal

FLOWER:
Spring
White/Pinkish
Radially symmetrical
5 sepals barely united at base
5-lobed campanulate corolla
5 stamens & 5 very short staminodia

FRUIT:
Summer
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Ericales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Shortia galacifolia var. galacifolia   FAMILY Diapensiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Shortia galacifolia var. galacifolia   FAMILY Diapensiaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 146-01-001:
Shortia galacifolia   FAMILY Diapensiaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Oconee Bells, Southern Shortia


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Shortia galacifolia var. galacifolia

Steve Marlow    snm079901_05

January    Haywood County    NC

Corneille Bryan Native Garden

image of Shortia galacifolia var. galacifolia

Ben Geer Keys    bgk1375_c

March        

Flowers solitary on scapes up to 6" long, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Shortia galacifolia var. galacifolia

Jim Fowler    jaf_shortiagalacifolia02

March    Pickens County    SC

Devils Fork State Park

The rare, pink form.

image of Shortia galacifolia var. galacifolia

JK Marlow    jkm0403e_03

March    Pickens County    SC

SC Botanical Garden

Glossy leaves resembling Galax - as the specific name implies, per Wild Flowers of NC, 1st edition.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE leaves of Galax and Oconee Bells

image of Shortia galacifolia var. galacifolia

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_s_galacifolia_25

March        

image of Shortia galacifolia var. galacifolia

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_s_galacifolia_oconee

March        

image of Shortia galacifolia var. galacifolia

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_shortia_galacifolia_2

March        

image of Shortia galacifolia var. galacifolia

Tim Spira    tpsshortia10

March        

Flowers resemble a nodding bell, per Wildflowers & Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont.

image of Shortia galacifolia var. galacifolia

Bill Sharpton    gws_oconeebells_l

March?    Oconee County    SC

Devils Fork State Park

Scapes with 3-5 bracts, these often closely subtending the calyx, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Shortia galacifolia var. galacifolia

Jim Fanning    jcf_shortia1

April    Pickens County    SC

SC Botanical Garden

image of Shortia galacifolia var. galacifolia

JK Marlow    jkm100402_024

April    Oconee County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

image of Shortia galacifolia var. galacifolia

JK Marlow    jkm100402_059b

April    Oconee County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

Petal margins obtusely toothed, laciniate [narrow irregular cuts] or fringed, per Flora of North America.

image of Shortia galacifolia var. galacifolia

Ron Lance    rwl_shortia

April        

In cultivation

image of Shortia galacifolia var. galacifolia

Steve Marlow    snm100402_082

April    Oconee County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

image of Shortia galacifolia var. galacifolia

Steve Marlow    snm100402_r111_41

April    Oconee County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

image of Shortia galacifolia var. galacifolia

Tim Spira    tpssgalacifolia3

April        

image of Shortia galacifolia var. galacifolia

JK Marlow    jkm0305za_03

May    Buncombe County    NC

Botanical Gardens at Asheville

image of Shortia galacifolia var. galacifolia

JK Marlow    jkm080507_037

May    Greenville County    SC

In cultivation

Style 12-18mm long. Fruit a capsule, per Flora of North America.

image of Shortia galacifolia var. galacifolia

JK Marlow    s071108_b

November    Pickens County    SC

SC Botanical Garden

Leaves with pinnate veins (vs. the palmate veins of Galax), per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Shortia galacifolia var. galacifolia

JK Marlow    s071108_b2

November    Pickens County    SC

SC Botanical Garden

Leaves orbicular to elliptic-orbicular, coarsely crenate-serrate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.