Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1409

Woody vine
Perennial

Non-native: Europe
Documented growing wild in - NC -

Rare in NC

Look for it in disturbed areas, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here


Invasive?

This plant may be causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2013

 

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate
Leaves have petioles.

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Purple
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
5-merous
Synsepalous calyx, lobes minute
5-parted rotate corolla
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Red
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Solanales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Solanum dulcamara   FAMILY Solanaceae

GREATER THAN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Solanum dulcamara var. dulcamara   FAMILY Solanaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 165-05-001:
Solanum dulcamara   FAMILY Solanaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Bittersweet, Deadly Nightshade


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Solanum dulcamara

JK Marlow    jkm0305t_23

May    Haywood County    NC

Many leaves with lobed basal portion or even a pair of leaflets, per Wildflowers of the Eastern United States.

image of Solanum dulcamara

JK Marlow    jkm0305u_02

May    Haywood County    NC

image of Solanum dulcamara

JK Marlow    jkm090926_012

September    Hancock County    ME

Bright red oval berries about 0.4" long are poisonous to humans, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Solanum dulcamara

JK Marlow    jkm090926_014

September    Hancock County    ME

Shooting star-shaped flowers, flower lobes pointed backward, per Newcomb's Wildflower Guide.

image of Solanum dulcamara

JK Marlow    jkm090926_018

September    Hancock County    ME

Each lobe with 2 green dots at the base, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Solanum dulcamara

JK Marlow    jkm090926_019

September    Hancock County    ME

Drooping clusters of 7-14 flowers, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Solanum dulcamara

JK Marlow    jkm090926_019b

September    Hancock County    ME

Calyx about 2mm long, lobes minute, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Solanum dulcamara

JK Marlow    jkm090926_023

September    Hancock County    ME

image of Solanum dulcamara

JK Marlow    jkm090926_025

September    Hancock County    ME