Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1410

Forb
Annual

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it on roadsides, gardens, river banks, shores, disturbed areas, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun ...Variable

IS THE PLANT "ARMED"?
Stems and leaves unarmed

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate
Leaves have petioles.

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer/Fall
White
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
5-merous
5-lobed calyx
5-parted rotate corolla
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Lustrous black
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Solanales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (2/8/20):
Solanum emulans   FAMILY Solanaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Solanum ptycanthum   FAMILY Solanaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH The Biota of North America Program. BONAP (Kartesz, 2015)
Solanum ptychanthum

INCLUDED WITHIN (MISAPPLIED) VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 165-05-009?:
Solanum americanum   FAMILY Solanaceae

INCLUDED WITHIN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Solanum nigrum

SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT) -
Solanum ptycanthum

 

COMMON NAME:
Eastern Black Nightshade


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Solanum emulans, Eastern Black Nightshade

Gill Newberry    gn05_s_americanum_flowers

May        

The corolla has 5 reflexed segments and is only about 1/4" across, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Solanum emulans, Eastern Black Nightshade

Roxanna Martin    rlm52910_224

May    Spartanburg County    SC

Usually fewer than 6 flowers per umbel, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Solanum emulans, Eastern Black Nightshade

JK Marlow    jkm0407e_35

July    Greenville County    SC

image of Solanum emulans, Eastern Black Nightshade

JK Marlow    jkm0407e_36

July    Greenville County    SC

Fruiting pedicels deflexed (vs. erect in S. americanum), per Weakley's Flora (2012).

image of Solanum emulans, Eastern Black Nightshade

JK Marlow    jkm0407x_26

July    Greenville County    SC

Calyx lobes adherent or spreading in mature fruit (occasionally ~ reflexed), per Weakley's Flora.

image of Solanum emulans, Eastern Black Nightshade

JK Marlow    jkm0408e_37

August    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

image of Solanum emulans, Eastern Black Nightshade

JK Marlow    jkm140822_914

August    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

A thornless plant with triangular-ovate leaves that may have rounded teeth, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Solanum emulans, Eastern Black Nightshade

JK Marlow    jkm140823_081b

August    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Inflorescence umbellate, pedicels and peduncles remaining slender, per Weakley's Flora (2012).

image of Solanum emulans, Eastern Black Nightshade

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_solanum_ptychanthum_2

August        

image of Solanum emulans, Eastern Black Nightshade

JK Marlow    s040823_d

August    Greenville County    SC

Downtown Greenville

Leaves irregularly blunt-toothed or almost entire, long-petioled, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Solanum emulans, Eastern Black Nightshade

Gill Newberry    gn09_solanum_americanum

September        

image of Solanum emulans, Eastern Black Nightshade

JK Marlow    jkm0410g_23

October    Greenville County    SC

Roadside