Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1410

Forb
Annual

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in disturbed areas, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun ...Variable

LEAVES:
Simple
Alternate
Leaves have petioles.

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
White
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
5-merous
5-lobed calyx
5-parted rotate corolla
Superior ovary

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Lustrous black
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Solanales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Solanum ptychanthum   FAMILY Solanaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Solanum ptycanthum   FAMILY Solanaceae

LESS THAN (MISAPPLIED) VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 165-05-009?:
Solanum americanum   FAMILY Solanaceae

LESS THAN Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Solanum nigrum

SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT) Solanum ptycanthum

 

COMMON NAME:
American Black Nightshade


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Solanum ptychanthum

Gill Newberry    gn05_s_americanum_flowers

May        

The corolla has 5 reflexed segments and is only about 1/4" across, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Solanum ptychanthum

Roxanna Martin    rlm52910_224

May    Spartanburg County    SC

Usually fewer than 6 flowers per umbel, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Solanum ptychanthum

JK Marlow    jkm0407e_35

July    Greenville County    SC

image of Solanum ptychanthum

JK Marlow    jkm0407e_36

July    Greenville County    SC

Fruiting pedicels deflexed (vs. erect in S. americanum), per Weakley's Flora.

image of Solanum ptychanthum

JK Marlow    jkm0407x_26

July    Greenville County    SC

Calyx lobes adherent or spreading in mature fruit (occasionally ~ reflexed), per Weakley's Flora.

image of Solanum ptychanthum

JK Marlow    jkm0408e_37

August    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

image of Solanum ptychanthum

JK Marlow    jkm140822_914

August    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

A thornless plant with triangular-ovate leaves that may have rounded teeth, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Solanum ptychanthum

JK Marlow    jkm140823_081b

August    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Inflorescence umbellate, pedicels and peduncles remaining slender, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Solanum ptychanthum

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_solanum_ptychanthum_2

August        

image of Solanum ptychanthum

JK Marlow    s040823_d

August    Greenville County    SC

Downtown Greenville

Leaves irregularly blunt-toothed or almost entire, long-petioled, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Solanum ptychanthum

Gill Newberry    gn09_solanum_americanum

September        

image of Solanum ptychanthum

JK Marlow    jkm0410g_23

October    Greenville County    SC

Roadside