Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1444

Grass, Sedge, or Rush
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in Mountains south of VA)

Look for it in xeric & mesic woodlands & forests of a wide variety, powerline rights-of-way, roadbanks, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade ...Moist ...Variable ...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Mostly low alternate, 2-ranked

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Panicle yellowish
Inflorescence a panicle of racemes

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Grain reddish
Grain

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Sorghastrum nutans   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Sorghastrum nutans   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 029-89-001:
Sorghastrum nutans   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950)
Sorghastrum nutans

 

COMMON NAME:
Yellow Indiangrass, Prairie Indiangrass


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Sorghastrum nutans

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_sonu2_001_lvd

        

image of Sorghastrum nutans

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. A. Chase). 1950    pnd_sonu2_007_lvd

        

image of Sorghastrum nutans

JK Marlow    s080519_abc

May    Greenville County    SC

image of Sorghastrum nutans

JK Marlow    jkm140624_305

June    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Culms 1-2.5m tall from short, scaly rhizomes, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.

image of Sorghastrum nutans

JK Marlow    jkm080925_002

September    Greenville County    SC

image of Sorghastrum nutans

JK Marlow    jkm080925_006

September    Greenville County    SC

The prominent anthers are golden yellow, per How to Know the Grasses by R.W. Pohl.

image of Sorghastrum nutans

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_sorghastrum_nutans_5

September        

image of Sorghastrum nutans

JK Marlow    jkm071027_009

October    Greenwood County    SC

Roadside

image of Sorghastrum nutans

JK Marlow    jkm081026_007

October    Oconee County    SC

Utility right-of-way

Note auricled sheaths and narrow flat blades, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.

image of Sorghastrum nutans

JK Marlow    jkm0311g_16

November    Chester County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Tyger Ranger District

image of Sorghastrum nutans

JK Marlow    jkm0411c_13

November    Haywood County    NC

Roadside

image of Sorghastrum nutans

JK Marlow    jkm061112_106

November    Union County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Tyger Ranger District

The state native grass of South Carolina.

image of Sorghastrum nutans

JK Marlow    jkm081101_022

November    Greenwood County    SC

Roadside


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE fruit of Indiangrass species

image of Sorghastrum nutans

JK Marlow    jkm091107_006

November    Greenwood County    SC

Roadside

Spikelets 6-8 mm long, lanceolate, hirsute, the awns 10-15 mm long, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.

image of Sorghastrum nutans

JK Marlow    s031116_a

November    Chester County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Tyger Ranger District