Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1444

Grass, Sedge, or Rush
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in Mountains south of VA)

Look for it in xeric & mesic woodlands & forests of a wide variety, powerline rights-of-way, roadbanks, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun partial shade ...Moist ...Variable ...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Mostly low alternate, 2-ranked

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Panicle yellowish
Inflorescence a panicle of racemes

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Grain reddish
Grain

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Sorghastrum nutans   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Sorghastrum nutans   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 029-89-001:
Sorghastrum nutans   FAMILY Poaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950)
Sorghastrum nutans

 

COMMON NAME:
Yellow Indiangrass, Prairie Indiangrass


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Sorghastrum nutans, Yellow Indiangrass, Prairie Indiangrass

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_sonu2_001_lvd

        

image of Sorghastrum nutans, Yellow Indiangrass, Prairie Indiangrass

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. A. Chase). 1950    pnd_sonu2_007_lvd

        

image of Sorghastrum nutans, Yellow Indiangrass, Prairie Indiangrass

JK Marlow    s080519_abc

May    Greenville County    SC

image of Sorghastrum nutans, Yellow Indiangrass, Prairie Indiangrass

JK Marlow    jkm140624_305

June    Greenville County    SC

Swamp Rabbit Trail

Culms 1-2.5m tall from short, scaly rhizomes, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.

image of Sorghastrum nutans, Yellow Indiangrass, Prairie Indiangrass

JK Marlow    jkm080925_002

September    Greenville County    SC

image of Sorghastrum nutans, Yellow Indiangrass, Prairie Indiangrass

JK Marlow    jkm080925_006

September    Greenville County    SC

The prominent anthers are golden yellow, per How to Know the Grasses by R.W. Pohl.

image of Sorghastrum nutans, Yellow Indiangrass, Prairie Indiangrass

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_sorghastrum_nutans_5

September        

image of Sorghastrum nutans, Yellow Indiangrass, Prairie Indiangrass

JK Marlow    jkm071027_009

October    Greenwood County    SC

Roadside

image of Sorghastrum nutans, Yellow Indiangrass, Prairie Indiangrass

JK Marlow    jkm081026_007

October    Oconee County    SC

Utility right-of-way

Note auricled sheaths and narrow flat blades, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.

image of Sorghastrum nutans, Yellow Indiangrass, Prairie Indiangrass

JK Marlow    jkm0311g_16

November    Chester County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Tyger Ranger District

image of Sorghastrum nutans, Yellow Indiangrass, Prairie Indiangrass

JK Marlow    jkm0411c_13

November    Haywood County    NC

Roadside

image of Sorghastrum nutans, Yellow Indiangrass, Prairie Indiangrass

JK Marlow    jkm061112_106

November    Union County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Tyger Ranger District

The state native grass of South Carolina.

image of Sorghastrum nutans, Yellow Indiangrass, Prairie Indiangrass

JK Marlow    jkm081101_022

November    Greenwood County    SC

Roadside


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE fruit of Indiangrass species

image of Sorghastrum nutans, Yellow Indiangrass, Prairie Indiangrass

JK Marlow    jkm091107_006

November    Greenwood County    SC

Roadside

Spikelets 6-8 mm long, lanceolate, hirsute, the awns 10-15 mm long, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.

image of Sorghastrum nutans, Yellow Indiangrass, Prairie Indiangrass

JK Marlow    s031116_a

November    Chester County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Tyger Ranger District