Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Fabales
Dig deeper at SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria.
Check out EDDMapS.org to see where this has been reported.
Learn more about Least Hop Clover from the Vascular Plants of North Carolina.
SYNONYMOUS WITH Floristic Synthesis of North America. BONAP (Kartesz, 2021)
SYNONYMOUS WITH Native & naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the US (Isely, 1998)
SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 098-14-014:
Trifolium dubium FAMILY Fabaceae
SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Least Hop Clover, Low Hop Clover, Suckling Clover, Little Hop Clover
To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.
JK Marlow s040421_ab
April Greenville County SC
Leaves pinnately trifoliolate, terminal leaflet with a petiolule ~ 1mm long, per Weakley's Flora (2012).
COMPARE leaves that are trifoliolate and pinnately compound
Steve Marlow snm140523_075b
May Greenville County SC
Swamp Rabbit Trail
Standard inconspicuously veined; heads generally with 5-15(20) flowers, per Weakley's Flora (2012).
COMPARE Hop Clover species
Floristic Synthesis of North America. BONAP (Kartesz, 2021)
Native & naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the US (Isely, 1998)
Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Habitat: Roadsides, lawns, disturbed areas, per Weakley's Flora
Common (uncommon in Carolina Mountains)
CLICK HERE to see a map, notes, and images from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.
Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)
This plant may be causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:
Odd-pinnately compound: 3 leaflets
Stipules conspicuous, persistent, & adnate to the petiole
5-parted papilionaceous corolla
TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!
- Newcomb's Wildflower Guide (Newcomb, 1977) p058
- Wildflowers of the Atlantic Southeast (Cotterman, Waitt, & Weakley, 2019) p232
- Wildflowers of the Eastern United States (Duncan & Duncan, 1999) p033
- Field Guide to the Wildflowers of Georgia (Chafin, 2016) p207
- Wildflowers of Tennessee (Carman, 2005) p142
- Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians (Horn, Cathcart, Hemmerly, & Duhl, 2005) p179
- Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains (Smith, 1998) p084
- Weeds of Southern Turfgrasses (Murphy et al., 1992) p147
If a search such as "Carex leptalea var. leptalea" doesn't deliver the results you want, try "Carex leptalea".
Or, to minimize chances of a misspelling, try just "Carex le".
Less is more: If "pencil flower" doesn't deliver the results you want, try "pencil".