Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1554

Forb
Perennial

Native to South Carolina & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA - SC

Rare

Look for it in rich forests on bluffs and ravine slopes, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

LEAVES:
Simple
A single terminal whorl of 3 leaves
Leaves sessile

FLOWER:
Spring
Maroon/ Green/ Yellow
Flowers are sessile.
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
3 sepals
3 petals

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Liliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Trillium reliquum   FAMILY Trilliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Trillium reliquum   FAMILY Liliaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Relict Trillium


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Trillium reliquum

Judy Gordon    jeg_antherextensions

March    Aiken County    SC

Savannah River Bluffs Heritage Preserve

Vertical pollen sacs (anthers w yellow pollen) along sides of stamens, per Field Guide to the Rare Plants of Georgia.

image of Trillium reliquum

Judy Gordon    jeg_trilliumbudplus

March    Aiken County    SC

Leaves heavily mottled with blue-green, a silvery streak in the middle, per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC.

image of Trillium reliquum

Judy Gordon    jegwwmm_ytrilmarch03r

March    Aiken County    SC

Petals 1-2" long, maroon, green or yellow. Sepals, green to maroon, per Field Guide to the Rare Plants of Georgia.

image of Trillium reliquum

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_t_reliquum_mb_31305_4

March        

image of Trillium reliquum

JK Marlow    jkm130406_918

April    Aiken County    SC

A Trillium may be 3 yrs old before its first true leaf appears, per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).

image of Trillium reliquum

JK Marlow    jkm130406_919

April    Aiken County    SC

image of Trillium reliquum

JK Marlow    jkm130406_930

April    Aiken County    SC

image of Trillium reliquum

JK Marlow    jkm130406_937

April    Aiken County    SC

Flowers less than half as long as subtending leaves, per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).

image of Trillium reliquum

JK Marlow    jkm130406_937b

April    Aiken County    SC

Stamen connective tissue extends past anther sacs, creating tiny "beaks", per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).

image of Trillium reliquum

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmtrel_1

Month Unknown        

Mature plants with leaves at ground level, per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).