Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1554

Forb
Perennial

Native to South Carolina & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA - SC

Rare

Look for it in rich forests on bluffs and ravine slopes, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

LEAVES:
Simple
A single terminal whorl of 3 leaves
Leaves sessile

FLOWER:
Spring
Maroon/ Green/ Yellow
Flowers are sessile.
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
3 sepals
3 petals

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Liliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Trillium reliquum   FAMILY Trilliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Trillium reliquum   FAMILY Liliaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Relict Trillium


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Trillium reliquum, Relict Trillium

Judy Gordon    jeg_antherextensions

March    Aiken County    SC

Savannah River Bluffs Heritage Preserve

Vertical pollen sacs (anthers w yellow pollen) along sides of stamens, per Field Guide to the Rare Plants of Georgia.

image of Trillium reliquum, Relict Trillium

Judy Gordon    jeg_trilliumbudplus

March    Aiken County    SC

Leaves heavily mottled with blue-green, a silvery streak in the middle, per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC.

image of Trillium reliquum, Relict Trillium

Judy Gordon    jegwwmm_ytrilmarch03r

March    Aiken County    SC

Petals 1-2" long, maroon, green or yellow. Sepals, green to maroon, per Field Guide to the Rare Plants of Georgia.

image of Trillium reliquum, Relict Trillium

Keith Bradley    kab_t_reliquum_1588

March    Aiken County    SC

Savannah River Bluffs Heritage Preserve

image of Trillium reliquum, Relict Trillium

Keith Bradley    kab_t_reliquum_1621

March    Aiken County    SC

Savannah River Bluffs Heritage Preserve

image of Trillium reliquum, Relict Trillium

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_t_reliquum_mb_31305_4

March        

image of Trillium reliquum, Relict Trillium

JK Marlow    jkm130406_918

April    Aiken County    SC

A Trillium may be 3 yrs old before its first true leaf appears, per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).

image of Trillium reliquum, Relict Trillium

JK Marlow    jkm130406_919

April    Aiken County    SC

image of Trillium reliquum, Relict Trillium

JK Marlow    jkm130406_930

April    Aiken County    SC

image of Trillium reliquum, Relict Trillium

JK Marlow    jkm130406_937

April    Aiken County    SC

Flowers less than half as long as subtending leaves, per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).

image of Trillium reliquum, Relict Trillium

JK Marlow    jkm130406_937b

April    Aiken County    SC

Stamen connective tissue extends past anther sacs, creating tiny "beaks", per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).

image of Trillium reliquum, Relict Trillium

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmtrel_1

Month Unknown        

Mature plants with leaves at ground level, per Trilliums of Georgia. Tipularia (Patrick, 2007).