Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1558

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (rare in SC)

Look for it in acidic soils of ridges, slopes, & bog margins, mostly at high elevations & often associated with Rhododendron, Tsuga, Pinus, or Picea, per Weakley's Flora

map
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shade ...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple
A single terminal whorl of 3 leaves
Petioles 3-20mm long

FLOWER:
Spring
White (with inverted red "V")
Pedicel 1.5-5.8cm long
Flowers above the leaves
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
3 sepals
3 petals

FRUIT:
Summer
Red
Berry

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Liliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Trillium undulatum   FAMILY Trilliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Trillium undulatum   FAMILY Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 041-03-010:
Trillium undulatum   FAMILY Liliaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Painted Trillium, Striped Wake-robin


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Trillium undulatum

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_trun_001_lvd

        

image of Trillium undulatum

JK Marlow    jkm120426_826

April    Yancey County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Occasionally a trillium has four leaves!

image of Trillium undulatum

JK Marlow    jkm120426_828

April    Yancey County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

image of Trillium undulatum

Harry Davis    hld1558_crw_6419

May        NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Filaments are white; anthers yellow or purple; ovary white, not angled, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Trillium undulatum

JK Marlow    jkm0505f_21

May    Haywood County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Of all of our trilliums, this is the best adapted to acid soils, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Trillium undulatum

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_t_undulatum_lake_w_16

May    Union County    GA

Lake Winfield Scott

image of Trillium undulatum

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_trillium_undulatum_2

May        

image of Trillium undulatum

Tim Spira    tpstundulatum4

May        

Sepals spreading, wine red to dull maroon green, rarely white-striated, per Flora of North America.

image of Trillium undulatum

Will Stuart    wil211240029_6c6aaeec58

May    Avery County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Petals usually white with an inverted red "V" near the base, often undulate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Trillium undulatum

JK Marlow    jkm0507n_17

July    Transylvania County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Leaves are clearly petioled and acuminate, per Wildflowers of the Eastern United States.

image of Trillium undulatum

Tim Spira    tpstundulatum

July        

Berry scarlet, ovoid to ellipsoid, 1.2-2.2cm long, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Trillium undulatum

JK Marlow    jkm0508b_07

August    Transylvania County    NC

Pisgah National Forest: Pisgah Ranger District

Leaves distintly petiolate, often ~ 1cm long, and have a blue-green cast, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Trillium undulatum

JK Marlow    jkm0508c_15

August    Transylvania County    NC

Blue Ridge Parkway

Petioles 3-20 mm long; pedicels 1.5-5.8 cm long, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.