Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1560

Grass, Sedge, or Rush
Perennial
Monoecious

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia?
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in Mountains)

Look for it on roadsides, in moist areas, disturbed areas, moist riverbanks, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun ...Wet ...Moist ...Variable

LEAVES:
Simple
Basal & low alternate, 2-ranked

RHIZOMES? STOLONS?
Rhizomes thick and knotty

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Unisexual

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer/Fall
Grain red
Grain

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Commelinids: Poales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Tripsacum dactyloides var. dactyloides   FAMILY Poaceae

LESS THAN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Tripsacum dactyloides   FAMILY Poaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 029-92-001:
Tripsacum dactyloides   FAMILY Poaceae

GREATER THAN Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950)
Tripsacum dactyloides var. dactyloides

GREATER THAN Manual of the Grasses of the US (Hitchcock & Chase, 1950)
Tripsacum dactyloides var. occidentale

 

COMMON NAME:
Gama Grass, Eastern Gamagrass


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Tripsacum dactyloides var. dactyloides

JK Marlow    jkm0506l_26b

June    Union County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Tyger Ranger District

image of Tripsacum dactyloides var. dactyloides

JK Marlow    jkm0506l_34

June    Union County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Tyger Ranger District

Its original habitats in our area are poorly understood, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Tripsacum dactyloides var. dactyloides

JK Marlow    jkm090709_004

July    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

image of Tripsacum dactyloides var. dactyloides

JK Marlow    jkm090709_008

July    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

Male flowers produce orange stamens, per Gardening with the Native Plants of Tennessee.

image of Tripsacum dactyloides var. dactyloides

JK Marlow    jkm090709_019

July    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

Female flowers produce purple stigmas, per Gardening with the Native Plants of Tennessee.

image of Tripsacum dactyloides var. dactyloides

JK Marlow    jkm090709_035

July    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

image of Tripsacum dactyloides var. dactyloides

JK Marlow    jkm090709_040

July    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

Female flowers &the grains developing from them are in bony beadlike joints, per Wildflowers of the Eastern United States.

image of Tripsacum dactyloides var. dactyloides

JK Marlow    jkm090709_044

July    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

The genus is of interest because it is related to maize, per Manual of the Grasses of the United States.

image of Tripsacum dactyloides var. dactyloides

JK Marlow    jkm090709_048

July    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

image of Tripsacum dactyloides var. dactyloides

JK Marlow    jkm090709_056

July    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

image of Tripsacum dactyloides var. dactyloides

JK Marlow    jkm090709_059

July    Greenville County    SC

Roadside

image of Tripsacum dactyloides var. dactyloides

JK Marlow    jkm160715_292

July    McCormick County    SC

image of Tripsacum dactyloides var. dactyloides

JK Marlow    jkm160715_293

July    McCormick County    SC

image of Tripsacum dactyloides var. dactyloides

JK Marlow    jkm160715_297

July    McCormick County    SC

image of Tripsacum dactyloides var. dactyloides

JK Marlow    jkm160715_325

July    McCormick County    SC

image of Tripsacum dactyloides var. dactyloides

JK Marlow    jkm160715_327

July    McCormick County    SC

image of Tripsacum dactyloides var. dactyloides

JK Marlow    jkm160715_329

July    McCormick County    SC

image of Tripsacum dactyloides var. dactyloides

JK Marlow    jkm160715_330

July    McCormick County    SC

Ligules ciliate, 2-4mm long, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Tripsacum dactyloides var. dactyloides

Gill Newberry    gn08_t_dactyloides_female

August        

image of Tripsacum dactyloides var. dactyloides

Gill Newberry    gn08_t_dactyloides_male

August        

image of Tripsacum dactyloides var. dactyloides

Gill Newberry    gn09_tripsacum_d_habitat

September        

image of Tripsacum dactyloides var. dactyloides

JK Marlow    jkm0509g_06

September    Cabarrus County    NC

Suther Prairie

Flowers unisexual, male above female on the same spike, per Wildflowers of the Eastern United States.

image of Tripsacum dactyloides var. dactyloides

JK Marlow    jkm071027_069

October    Abbeville County    SC

Field

Leaves largely basal and on lower half of stem, blades to 60 x 3cm, per Wildflowers of the Eastern United States.