Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1571

Forb
Perennial
Dioecious

Non-native: Europe
Documented growing wild in GA NC -

Uncommon in Mountains, rare elsewhere in GA-NC-SC

Look for it in disturbed areas, primarily in calcareous soils, per Weakley's Flora

map
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Invasive?

This plant may be causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation, 2014

 

partial shade ...Variable

LEAVES:
Simple
Opposite

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Greenish
Unisexual
Radially symmetrical
4 sepals
Petals absent
4 stamens in staminate flowers

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Achene

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Rosales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Urtica dioica   FAMILY Urticaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Urtica dioica ssp. dioica   FAMILY Urticaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 059-02-001:
Urtica dioica   FAMILY Urticaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952)
Urtica dioica var. dioica

 

COMMON NAME:
European Stinging Nettle, Great Nettle


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Urtica dioica

JK Marlow    jkm150422_408

April    Jackson County    NC

image of Urtica dioica

JK Marlow    jkm150422_439

April    Jackson County    NC

image of Urtica dioica

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmudioica_rm1

Month Unknown        NC-TN

The Roan Highlands

Stems & leaf blades strongly hispid w stinging hairs (on both leaf surfaces), per Weakley's Flora.

image of Urtica dioica

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmudioica_rm2

Month Unknown        NC-TN

The Roan Highlands

Inflorescences usually surpassing the subtending leaf petiole, per Weakley's Flora.


click here to see other plants that look similar to this COMPARE False Nettle, Wood Nettle and Stinging Nettle