Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1592

Forb
Perennial
Polygamous

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common in NC-SC Mountains (uncommon in GA, rare in Piedmont), endemic to S. Appalachians

Look for it in moist to rather dry forests, up to at least 1700m, most frequent in oak forests at middle elevations, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Basal & low alternate, plant almost scapose

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Yellowish-green/ Green/ Maroon
Bisexual or staminate
Radially symmetrical
6 tepals
6 stamens
Inflorescence a panicle

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Liliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (2/8/20):
Melanthium parviflorum   FAMILY Melanthiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Veratrum parviflorum   FAMILY Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Synthesis of the North American Flora (Kartesz, 1999)
Melanthium parviflorum

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 041-24-002:
Veratrum parviflorum   FAMILY Liliaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Mountain Bunchflower, Small-flowered Hellebore, Small False Hellebore, Appalachian Bunchflower


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Melanthium parviflorum, Mountain Bunchflower, Small-flowered Hellebore, Small False Hellebore, Appalachian Bunchflower

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_vepa3_001_lvd

        

image of Melanthium parviflorum, Mountain Bunchflower, Small-flowered Hellebore, Small False Hellebore, Appalachian Bunchflower

JK Marlow    jkm060429_001

April    Macon County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Wayah Ranger District

image of Melanthium parviflorum, Mountain Bunchflower, Small-flowered Hellebore, Small False Hellebore, Appalachian Bunchflower

JK Marlow    jkm190413_7316

April    Rabun County    GA

image of Melanthium parviflorum, Mountain Bunchflower, Small-flowered Hellebore, Small False Hellebore, Appalachian Bunchflower

JK Marlow    jkm060508_004

May    Macon County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Wayah Ranger District

On the left is Clintonia umbellulata; on the right is Veratrum parviflorum.

image of Melanthium parviflorum, Mountain Bunchflower, Small-flowered Hellebore, Small False Hellebore, Appalachian Bunchflower

JK Marlow    jkm060508_163

May    Macon County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Wayah Ranger District

Leaves are elliptic, long-stalked, and under 8" long, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Melanthium parviflorum, Mountain Bunchflower, Small-flowered Hellebore, Small False Hellebore, Appalachian Bunchflower

JK Marlow    jkm0508d_16

August    Transylvania County    NC

image of Melanthium parviflorum, Mountain Bunchflower, Small-flowered Hellebore, Small False Hellebore, Appalachian Bunchflower

JK Marlow    jkm0508d_29

August    Transylvania County    NC

image of Melanthium parviflorum, Mountain Bunchflower, Small-flowered Hellebore, Small False Hellebore, Appalachian Bunchflower

JK Marlow    jkm140816_727

August    Jackson County    NC

High Hampton Inn

Perianth segments taper gradually to base, are not clawed, & have no glands, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Melanthium parviflorum, Mountain Bunchflower, Small-flowered Hellebore, Small False Hellebore, Appalachian Bunchflower

JK Marlow    jkm140816_729

August    Jackson County    NC

High Hampton Inn

Tepals greenish-yellow to olive green, rhombic-oblanceolate, not clawed, per Flora of North America.

image of Melanthium parviflorum, Mountain Bunchflower, Small-flowered Hellebore, Small False Hellebore, Appalachian Bunchflower

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmmparviflorum_shutin

Month Unknown    Buncombe County    NC

Pisgah National Forest: Pisgah Ranger District