OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Monocots: Liliales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (2/8/20):
Melanthium parviflorum   FAMILY Melanthiaceae   NEW! Click to go to FSUS key


SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Veratrum parviflorum   FAMILY Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Synthesis of the North American Flora (Kartesz, 1999)
Melanthium parviflorum

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 041-24-002:
Veratrum parviflorum   FAMILY Liliaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Mountain Bunchflower, Small-flowered Hellebore, Small False Hellebore, Appalachian Bunchflower


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Melanthium parviflorum, Mountain Bunchflower, Small-flowered Hellebore, Small False Hellebore, Appalachian Bunchflower

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_vepa3_001_lvd

        

image of Melanthium parviflorum, Mountain Bunchflower, Small-flowered Hellebore, Small False Hellebore, Appalachian Bunchflower

JK Marlow    jkm060429_001

April    Macon County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Wayah Ranger District

image of Melanthium parviflorum, Mountain Bunchflower, Small-flowered Hellebore, Small False Hellebore, Appalachian Bunchflower

JK Marlow    jkm190413_7316

April    Rabun County    GA

image of Melanthium parviflorum, Mountain Bunchflower, Small-flowered Hellebore, Small False Hellebore, Appalachian Bunchflower

JK Marlow    jkm060508_004

May    Macon County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Wayah Ranger District

On the left is Clintonia umbellulata; on the right is Veratrum parviflorum.

image of Melanthium parviflorum, Mountain Bunchflower, Small-flowered Hellebore, Small False Hellebore, Appalachian Bunchflower

JK Marlow    jkm060508_163

May    Macon County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Wayah Ranger District

Leaves are elliptic, long-stalked, and under 8" long, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Melanthium parviflorum, Mountain Bunchflower, Small-flowered Hellebore, Small False Hellebore, Appalachian Bunchflower

JK Marlow    jkm0508d_16

August    Transylvania County    NC

image of Melanthium parviflorum, Mountain Bunchflower, Small-flowered Hellebore, Small False Hellebore, Appalachian Bunchflower

JK Marlow    jkm0508d_29

August    Transylvania County    NC

image of Melanthium parviflorum, Mountain Bunchflower, Small-flowered Hellebore, Small False Hellebore, Appalachian Bunchflower

JK Marlow    jkm140816_729

August    Jackson County    NC

High Hampton Inn

Tepals greenish-yellow to olive green, rhombic-oblanceolate, not clawed, per Flora of North America.

image of Melanthium parviflorum, Mountain Bunchflower, Small-flowered Hellebore, Small False Hellebore, Appalachian Bunchflower

JK Marlow    jkm180825_4153

August    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

Perianth segments taper gradually to base, are not clawed, & have no glands, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Melanthium parviflorum, Mountain Bunchflower, Small-flowered Hellebore, Small False Hellebore, Appalachian Bunchflower

JK Marlow    jkm180825_4156

August    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

Pedicels spreading to nearly perpendicular, 5.5-11mm, per Flora of North America.

image of Melanthium parviflorum, Mountain Bunchflower, Small-flowered Hellebore, Small False Hellebore, Appalachian Bunchflower

JK Marlow    jkm180825_4157

August    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

image of Melanthium parviflorum, Mountain Bunchflower, Small-flowered Hellebore, Small False Hellebore, Appalachian Bunchflower

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmmparviflorum_shutin

Month Unknown    Buncombe County    NC

Pisgah National Forest: Pisgah Ranger District

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (2/8/20):
Melanthium parviflorum   FAMILY Melanthiaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Veratrum parviflorum   FAMILY Liliaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Synthesis of the North American Flora (Kartesz, 1999)
Melanthium parviflorum

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 041-24-002:
Veratrum parviflorum   FAMILY Liliaceae

 

Find by SCIENTIFIC NAME:

1592

Forb
Perennial
Polygamous

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Common in NC-SC Mountains (uncommon in GA, rare in Piedmont), endemic to S. Appalachians

Habitat: Moist to rather dry forests, up to at least 1700 meters, most frequent in oak forests at middle elevations, per Weakley's Flora

map
NEW! Click here to see a map from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US showing range and abundance.

Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)

LEAVES:
Simple
Basal & low alternate, plant almost scapose

FLOWER:
Summer/Fall
Yellowish-green/ Green/ Maroon
Bisexual or staminate
Radially symmetrical
6 tepals
6 stamens

Inflorescence a panicle

FRUIT:
Summer/Fall
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


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