Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1638

Subshrub; Woody vine
Perennial
Has milky sap (latex)

Non-native: Europe
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon (persistent & spreading from cultivation)

Look for it in disturbed areas, suburban woodlands, around old house sites, per Weakley's Flora

map
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INVASIVE

This plant is causing problems in natural areas outside its native range, according to authorities such as:

Alabama Invasive Plant Council, 2012
Brooklyn Botanic Garden
Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2006
SC Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2014
SC Native Plant Society
Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2009
US Forest Service Southern Research Station
Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation, 2014

 

full sun partial shade

LEAVES:
Deciduous or Semi-evergreen
Simple
Opposite

FLOWER:
Spring
Blue-violet
Bisexual
Radially symmetrical
5-merous
5-lobed salverform corolla
5 stamens

FRUIT:
Summer
Paired follicles

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Asterids: Lamiids: Gentianales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Vinca major   FAMILY Apocynaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Vinca major   FAMILY Apocynaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 156-04-002:
Vinca major   FAMILY Apocynaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Bigleaf Periwinkle, Greater Periwinkle


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Vinca major

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_v_major_periwinkle

February        

image of Vinca major

Gill Newberry    gn03_v_major_flower

March        

image of Vinca major

Gill Newberry    gn03_v_major_plant

March        

Peduncles 2-4cm long. Calyx lobes 6-12mm long and ciliate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Vinca major

Gill Newberry    gn04_periwinkle_2

April        

image of Vinca major

Gill Newberry    gn04_periwinkle_3

April        

Flowers 3-5cm across, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Vinca major

JK Marlow    jkm0404w_04

April    Pickens County    SC

SC Botanical Garden

Leaves membranous, triangular-ovate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Vinca major

JK Marlow    jkm180408_1093

April    McCormick County    SC

Parks Mill

Leaves ciliate (vs. those of V. minor are not), per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Vinca major

Gill Newberry    gn05_v_major_habitat

May        

Leaves ovate, broadest near base, deciduous to semi-evergreen; margins ciliate, per Weakley's Flora.