Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1651

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in moist to dry forests, per Weakley's Flora

map
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partial shade shade ...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple
Plant acaulescent (without aerial stems)
Leaf blade underside and petiole moderately to densely pubescent

FLOWER:
Spring
Violet
Bilaterally symmetrical
Lateral petals bearded
5 sepals
5 petals
5 included stamens

FRUIT:
Spring
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Malpighiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Viola palmata   FAMILY Violaceae

GREATER THAN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Viola triloba var. triloba   FAMILY Violaceae

GREATER THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 130-02-005a:
Viola palmata var. palmata   FAMILY Violaceae

GREATER THAN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (1968)
Viola palmata var. triloba

SYNONYMOUS WITH Violaceae of the Southeastern US (McKinney & Russell, 2002)
Viola palmata

 

COMMON NAME:
Early Blue Violet, Wood Violet, Palmate-leaved Violet


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Viola palmata

JK Marlow    jkm070324_040

March    Greenville County    SC

image of Viola palmata

JK Marlow    jkm070324_041

March    Greenville County    SC

Leaves heterophyllous, only mid-season leaves cleft, parted, or divided, per Violaceae of the Southeastern US. Castanea (McKinney & Russell, 2002).

image of Viola palmata

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_viola_palmata

March        

image of Viola palmata

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu10124

April    Elbert County    GA

image of Viola palmata

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu10256

April    Elbert County    GA

image of Viola palmata

JK Marlow    jkm0304e_21

April    Oconee County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Andrew Pickens Ranger District

Leaves deeply lobed or dissected; unlobed cordate leaves also present, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Viola palmata

JK Marlow    jkm090412_144

April    Greenville County    SC

Chestnut Ridge Heritage Preserve

image of Viola palmata

JK Marlow    jkm100422_010

April    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

image of Viola palmata

JK Marlow    jkm100422_018

April    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

Flowers variable: blue-violet, streaked violet and white, to solid white, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Viola palmata

JK Marlow    jkm100422_022

April    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

image of Viola palmata

JK Marlow    jkm100422_118

April    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

image of Viola palmata

JK Marlow    jkm150412_301

April    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

image of Viola palmata

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_viola_palmata_4

April        

Sepals 6-10mm long, acute to obtuse, glabrous to ciliate, auricles 0.5-1mm, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Viola palmata

JK Marlow    jkm120526_647

May    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Viola palmata

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmv_palmata

Month Unknown