Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1654

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon in Coastal Plain of GA & SC)

Look for it in dry rocky or sandy forests, woodlands, glades, and roadbanks, per Weakley's Flora

map
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full sun partial shade ...Variable ...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Plant acaulescent (without aerial stems)
Leaves glabrous

FLOWER:
Spring
Blue-violet
Bilaterally symmetrical
Petals beardless
5 sepals
5 petals
5 exserted stamens

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Malpighiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Viola pedata var. pedata   FAMILY Violaceae

LESS THAN PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Viola pedata   FAMILY Violaceae

LESS THAN VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 130-02-001:
Viola pedata   FAMILY Violaceae

GREATER THAN Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952)
Viola pedata var. lineariloba

GREATER THAN Britton & Brown Illus Flora of Northeast US & adjacent Canada (Gleason, 1952)
Viola pedata var. pedata

 

COMMON NAME:
Birdsfoot Violet


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Viola pedata var. pedata

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_vipe_001_lvd

        

image of Viola pedata var. pedata

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmvpedata_point1

March        

Petals beardless, or the spurred petal very short pubescent, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Viola pedata var. pedata

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu25310b

April    Pickens County    SC

image of Viola pedata var. pedata

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu53170b

April    Rabun County    GA

image of Viola pedata var. pedata

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu53170c

April    Rabun County    GA

Leaves basal, long-stalked, the 3-parted lateral segments 3-5 cleft, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Viola pedata var. pedata

Harry Davis    hld1654_bir_0001

April    Greenville County    SC

Jones Gap State Park

All the petals in one plane, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Viola pedata var. pedata

JK Marlow    jkm060429_250

April    Clay County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Tusquitee Ranger District

Stamen appendages brilliant orange, conspicuous in flower center, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Viola pedata var. pedata

JK Marlow    jkm060429_252

April    Clay County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Tusquitee Ranger District

Some authorities call the solid color form ("concolor") var. lineariloba.

image of Viola pedata var. pedata

JK Marlow    jkm110417_937

April    Cleburne County    AL

Mount Cheaha

The "bicolor" color form: upper petals a deep red-purple.

image of Viola pedata var. pedata

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_v_pedata_birds_foot

April        

image of Viola pedata var. pedata

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_viola_pedata

April        

image of Viola pedata var. pedata

JK Marlow    jkm0509f_27

September    Greenville County    SC

SC Native Plant Society Plant Sale

image of Viola pedata var. pedata

Ben Geer Keys    bgk1654_a

Month Unknown        

Unique in that the orange tips of the stamens protrude conspicuously, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

image of Viola pedata var. pedata

Tim Spira    tpsvpedata

Month Unknown