Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1656

Forb
Winter annual

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common

Look for it in pastures, on roadsides, other disturbed habitats, less commonly in dry rocky woodlands and barrens, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun ...Variable

LEAVES:
Simple
Plant caulescent (with an obvious, leafy, above-ground stem). Leaves alternate
Leaves glabrous or with some short stiff trichomes

FLOWER:
Spring
Pale blue-violet with a cream center (or white with blue veins)
Bilaterally symmetrical
Lateral petals bearded
5 sepals
5 petals
5 stamens

FRUIT:
Spring
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Malpighiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (5/21/15):
Viola bicolor   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Viola bicolor   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 130-02-028:
Viola rafinesquii   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Viola rafinesquii

SYNONYMOUS WITH (ORTHOGRAPHIC VARIANT) Viola rafinesquei

 

COMMON NAME:
Johnny-jump-up, Wild Pansy, Field Pansy


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Viola bicolor

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_vira5_001_lvd

        

image of Viola bicolor

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_viola_bicolor_2_s

February        

image of Viola bicolor

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu80646

March    Anderson County    SC

Clemson Forest

image of Viola bicolor

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu80646b

March    Anderson County    SC

Clemson Forest

Leaves rounded with long petioles (1-3cm); stipules large, cleft and lobed, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

image of Viola bicolor

JK Marlow    jkm090318_008

March    Greenville County    SC

image of Viola bicolor

JK Marlow    jkm100330_022

March    Greenville County    SC

image of Viola bicolor

JK Marlow    jkm110319_063

March    Pickens County    SC

Hagood Mill

Sepals 3-6mm long, abruptly acute, shorter than the petals, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Viola bicolor

Roxanna Martin    rlm31911_112

March    Spartanburg County    SC

Flowers lavender to white with purple veins and a yellow center, per Forest Plants of the Southeast and Their Wildlife Uses.

image of Viola bicolor

Roxanna Martin    rlm31911_114

March    Spartanburg County    SC

image of Viola bicolor

JK Marlow    s100330_a

March    Greenville County    SC

image of Viola bicolor

JK Marlow    s100330_b

March    Greenville County    SC

image of Viola bicolor

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu32714

April    Prince George's County    MD

image of Viola bicolor

JK Marlow    jkm080405_014

April    Greenville County    SC

Leaves with very large, leafy, lobed stipules at their base, per Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley, and the Southern Appalachians.

image of Viola bicolor

JK Marlow    jkm080405_021

April    Greenville County    SC

image of Viola bicolor

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmvbicolor_botg2

April    Pickens County    SC

SC Botanical Garden

image of Viola bicolor

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmvbicolor_botg3

April    Pickens County    SC

SC Botanical Garden

image of Viola bicolor

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmvbicolor_leefalls1

April    Oconee County    SC

Sumter National Forest: Andrew Pickens Ranger District

image of Viola bicolor

Roxanna Martin    rlm4211_184

April    Spartanburg County    SC