Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1657

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common in Mountains, rare in Piedmont

Look for it in mesic forests, often under Tsuga canadensis, per Weakley's Flora

map
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partial shade shade ...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple
Plant caulescent (with an obvious, leafy, above-ground stem). Leaves alternate
Leaves glabrous or with short stiff trichomes along the midrib above

FLOWER:
Spring
Pale blue-violet (with a dark eye)
Bilaterally symmetrical
Petals beardless
5 sepals
5 petals
5 stamens

FRUIT:
Spring
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Malpighiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Viola rostrata   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Viola rostrata   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 130-02-023:
Viola rostrata   FAMILY Violaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Long-spurred Violet


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Viola rostrata

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_viro_001_lvd

        

image of Viola rostrata

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_viola_rostrata_2

March        

image of Viola rostrata

Ed Pivorun    ebp090404_4944

April    Walker County    GA

The Pocket on Pigeon Mountain

Spur 1-2cm long, straight or curved. No petals are bearded, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Viola rostrata

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu44222

April    Tuscaloosa County    AL

image of Viola rostrata

JK Marlow    jkm140417_982

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Viola rostrata

JK Marlow    jkm160421_322

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Viola rostrata

JK Marlow    jkm170414_610

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Viola rostrata

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmvroatrata_cane3

April    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

Leaf margins remotely serrate, mostly eciliate, per Violaceae of the Southeastern US. Castanea (McKinney & Russell, 2002).

image of Viola rostrata

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu51311

May    Greenville County    SC

Table Rock Reservoir watershed

Stem leaves cordate, their apices acuminate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Viola rostrata

JK Marlow    jkm0405l_04

May    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Often found under Hemlock, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Viola rostrata

JK Marlow    jkm0405l_27

May    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

An infallible field mark of this species is its spur, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.