OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Malpighiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (10/20/20):
Viola rostrata   FAMILY Violaceae   NEW! Click to go to FSUS key


SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Viola rostrata   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Viola (Ballard [in prep])
Viola rostrata

SYNONYMOUS WITH Violaceae of the Southeastern US (McKinney & Russell, 2002)
Viola rostrata

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 130-02-023:
Viola rostrata   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Viola rostrata

 

COMMON NAME:
Longspur Violet


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Viola rostrata, Longspur Violet

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_viro_001_lvd

        

image of Viola rostrata, Longspur Violet

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_viola_rostrata_2

March        

image of Viola rostrata, Longspur Violet

Ed Pivorun    ebp090404_4944

April    Walker County    GA

The Pocket on Pigeon Mountain

Spur 1-2cm long, straight or curved. No petals are bearded, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Viola rostrata, Longspur Violet

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu44222

April    Tuscaloosa County    AL

image of Viola rostrata, Longspur Violet

JK Marlow    jkm140417_982

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Viola rostrata, Longspur Violet

JK Marlow    jkm160421_322

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Viola rostrata, Longspur Violet

JK Marlow    jkm200415_3870

April    Greenville County    SC

Chandler Heritage Preserve

image of Viola rostrata, Longspur Violet

Keith Bradley    kab_viola_rostrata_1494

April    Haywood County    NC

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Viola rostrata, Longspur Violet

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmvroatrata_cane3

April    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

Leaf margins remotely serrate, mostly eciliate, per Violaceae of the Southeastern US. Castanea (McKinney & Russell, 2002).

image of Viola rostrata, Longspur Violet

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu51311

May    Greenville County    SC

Table Rock Reservoir watershed

Stem leaves cordate, their apices acuminate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Viola rostrata, Longspur Violet

JK Marlow    jkm0405l_04

May    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Often found under Hemlock, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Viola rostrata, Longspur Violet

JK Marlow    jkm0405l_27

May    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

An infallible field mark of this species is its spur, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (10/20/20):
Viola rostrata   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Viola rostrata   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Viola (Ballard [in prep])
Viola rostrata

SYNONYMOUS WITH Violaceae of the Southeastern US (McKinney & Russell, 2002)
Viola rostrata

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 130-02-023:
Viola rostrata   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Viola rostrata

 

Find by SCIENTIFIC NAME:

1657

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Common in Mountains, rare in Piedmont

Habitat: acidic cove forests, other mesic forests, often under Tsuga canadensis, but also in calcareous forests (as in n. AL), per Weakley's Flora

map
NEW! Click here to see a map from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US showing range and abundance.

Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)

LEAVES:
Simple
Plant caulescent (with an obvious, leafy, above-ground stem). Leaves alternate
Margins crenate to crenate-serrate
Leaves glabrous or with short stiff trichomes along the midrib above

FLOWER:
Spring
Pale blue-violet (with a dark eye)
Bilaterally symmetrical
Petals beardless
5 sepals
5 petals
5 stamens

FRUIT:
Spring
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


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