Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1657

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common in Mountains, rare in Piedmont

Look for it in acidic cove forests, other mesic forests, often under Tsuga canadensis, but also in calcareous forests (as in n. AL), per Weakley's Flora

map
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partial shade shade ...Moist

LEAVES:
Simple
Plant caulescent (with an obvious, leafy, above-ground stem). Leaves alternate
Margins crenate to crenate-serrate
Leaves glabrous or with short stiff trichomes along the midrib above

FLOWER:
Spring
Pale blue-violet (with a dark eye)
Bilaterally symmetrical
Petals beardless
5 sepals
5 petals
5 stamens

FRUIT:
Spring
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Malpighiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (10/20/20):
Viola rostrata   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Viola rostrata   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Viola (Ballard [in prep])
Viola rostrata

SYNONYMOUS WITH Violaceae of the Southeastern US (McKinney & Russell, 2002)
Viola rostrata

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 130-02-023:
Viola rostrata   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Viola rostrata

 

COMMON NAME:
Longspur Violet


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Viola rostrata, Longspur Violet

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_viro_001_lvd

        

image of Viola rostrata, Longspur Violet

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_viola_rostrata_2

March        

image of Viola rostrata, Longspur Violet

Ed Pivorun    ebp090404_4944

April    Walker County    GA

The Pocket on Pigeon Mountain

Spur 1-2cm long, straight or curved. No petals are bearded, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Viola rostrata, Longspur Violet

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu44222

April    Tuscaloosa County    AL

image of Viola rostrata, Longspur Violet

JK Marlow    jkm140417_982

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Viola rostrata, Longspur Violet

JK Marlow    jkm160421_322

April    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Viola rostrata, Longspur Violet

JK Marlow    jkm200415_3870

April    Greenville County    SC

Chandler Heritage Preserve

image of Viola rostrata, Longspur Violet

Keith Bradley    kab_viola_rostrata_1494

April    Haywood County    NC

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

image of Viola rostrata, Longspur Violet

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmvroatrata_cane3

April    Pickens County    SC

Jocassee Gorges

Leaf margins remotely serrate, mostly eciliate, per Violaceae of the Southeastern US. Castanea (McKinney & Russell, 2002).

image of Viola rostrata, Longspur Violet

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu51311

May    Greenville County    SC

Table Rock Reservoir watershed

Stem leaves cordate, their apices acuminate, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Viola rostrata, Longspur Violet

JK Marlow    jkm0405l_04

May    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

Often found under Hemlock, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Viola rostrata, Longspur Violet

JK Marlow    jkm0405l_27

May    Sevier County    TN

Great Smoky Mountains National Park

An infallible field mark of this species is its spur, per Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains.