Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1659

Forb
Perennial/Winter annual

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon to rare south of SC Mountains)

Look for it in dry to moist forests and woodlands, per Weakley's Flora

map
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LEAVES:
Simple
Plant acaulescent (without aerial stems)
Leaf blade glabrous or glabrate

FLOWER:
Spring
Blue-violet
Bilaterally symmetrical
Spurred and lateral petals bearded
5 sepals
5 petals
5 stamens

FRUIT:
Spring
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Malpighiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Viola sagittata var. sagittata   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Viola sagittata var. sagittata   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 130-02-009:
Viola sagittata   FAMILY Violaceae

GREATER THAN Vascular Flora of the Carolinas
Viola emarginata +

 

COMMON NAME:
Arrow-leaved Violet, Arrowhead Violet


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Viola sagittata var. sagittata

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_viem_001_lvd

        

image of Viola sagittata var. sagittata

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu80679

March    Beaufort County    SC

image of Viola sagittata var. sagittata

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmvemarginata_sta2

March    Oconee County    SC

Oconee Station/Station Cove

image of Viola sagittata var. sagittata

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmvsagittata_sta3

March    Oconee County    SC

Oconee Station/Station Cove

image of Viola sagittata var. sagittata

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmvsagittata_sta4

March    Oconee County    SC

Oconee Station/Station Cove

image of Viola sagittata var. sagittata

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmvsagittata_sta5

March    Oconee County    SC

Oconee Station/Station Cove

Petals light to dark blue-violet. Lateral petals bearded, per Violaceae of the Southeastern US. Castanea (McKinney & Russell, 2002).

image of Viola sagittata var. sagittata

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmvsagittata_sta6

March    Oconee County    SC

Oconee Station/Station Cove

image of Viola sagittata var. sagittata

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmvsagittata_sta7

March    Oconee County    SC

Oconee Station/Station Cove

Basal teeth few, well-developed, very coarse to lobe-like, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Viola sagittata var. sagittata

JK Marlow    jkm130407_031

April    Columbia County    GA

image of Viola sagittata var. sagittata

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_v_sagittata_sagittat2

April        

image of Viola sagittata var. sagittata

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_v_sagittata_sagittata

April        

image of Viola sagittata var. sagittata

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu32564

May    Prince George's County    MD

Petioles equal or longer than blades, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Viola sagittata var. sagittata

JK Marlow    jkm100626_082

June    Avery County    NC

The Roan Highlands

Blade outline narrowly ovate-triangular, much longer than wide, per Weakley's Flora.