Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1659

Forb
Perennial/Winter annual

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon to rare south and west of SC Mountains)

Look for it in dry to moist forests and woodlands, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

...Moist ...Dry

LEAVES:
Simple
Plant acaulescent (without aerial stems)
Margins serrate (lower teeth usually enlarged)
Leaf blade glabrous or glabrate

FLOWER:
Spring
Blue-violet
Bilaterally symmetrical
Spurred and lateral petals bearded
5 sepals
5 petals
5 stamens

FRUIT:
Spring
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Malpighiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (10/20/20):
Viola sagittata   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Viola sagittata var. sagittata   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Viola (Ballard [in prep])
Viola sagittata var. sagittata

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Viola sagittata var. sagittata

SYNONYMOUS WITH Violaceae of the Southeastern US (McKinney & Russell, 2002)
Viola sagittata var. sagittata

INCLUDED WITHIN Manual of Vascular Plants of NE US & Adjacent Canada (Gleason & Cronquist,1991)
Viola sagittata

INCLUDING VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 130-02-010:
Viola emarginata var. emarginata   FAMILY Violaceae

INCLUDING Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968)
Viola emarginata var. acutiloba

(?) Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Viola emarginata

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933)
Viola sagittata

 

COMMON NAME:
Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_viem_001_lvd

        

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu80679

March    Beaufort County    SC

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmvemarginata_sta2

March    Oconee County    SC

Oconee Station/Station Cove

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmvsagittata_sta5

March    Oconee County    SC

Oconee Station/Station Cove

Petals light to dark blue-violet. Lateral petals bearded, per Violaceae of the Southeastern US. Castanea (McKinney & Russell, 2002).

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmvsagittata_sta7

March    Oconee County    SC

Oconee Station/Station Cove

Basal teeth few, well-developed, very coarse to lobe-like, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

JK Marlow    jkm060429_146

April    Clay County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Tusquitee Ranger District

Leaves during chasmogamous flower undivided or w small basal teeth or lobes, per Violets (Violaceae) of the Great Plains and Eastern North America.

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

JK Marlow    jkm060429_149

April    Clay County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Tusquitee Ranger District

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

JK Marlow    jkm130407_031

April    Columbia County    GA

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

JK Marlow    jkm210406_9219

April    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

JK Marlow    jkm210406_9221

April    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

JK Marlow    jkm210406_9223

April    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

JK Marlow    jkm210406_9224

April    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

JK Marlow    jkm210406_9233

April    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

Stipules free, irregularly glandular-fimbriate, per Violets (Violaceae) of the Great Plains and Eastern North America.

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

JK Marlow    jkm210408_9325

April    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

JK Marlow    jkm210408_9331

April    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

Calyx glabrous, eciliate; auricles elongating to 3mm in fruit, per Violets (Violaceae) of the Great Plains and Eastern North America.

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

JK Marlow    jkm210408_9335

April    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

JK Marlow    jkm210408_9354

April    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

Richard and Teresa Ware    rtw_v_sagittata_sagittat2

April        

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu32564

May    Prince George's County    MD

Petioles equal or longer than blades, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

JK Marlow    jkm210507_0153

May    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

Blade outline narrowly ovate-triangular, much longer than wide, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

JK Marlow    jkm210603_1013

June    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

JK Marlow    jkm210603_1019

June    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve