OF THE CAROLINAS & GEORGIA

Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Malpighiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (4/24/22):
Viola sagittata   FAMILY Violaceae   NEW! Click to go to FSUS key


SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Viola sagittata var. sagittata   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Viola (Ballard [in prep])
Viola sagittata var. sagittata

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Viola sagittata var. sagittata

SYNONYMOUS WITH Violaceae of the Southeastern US (McKinney & Russell, 2002)
Viola sagittata var. sagittata

INCLUDED WITHIN Manual of Vascular Plants of NE US & Adjacent Canada (Gleason & Cronquist,1991)
Viola sagittata

INCLUDING VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 130-02-010:
Viola emarginata var. emarginata   FAMILY Violaceae

INCLUDING Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968)
Viola emarginata var. acutiloba

(?) Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Viola emarginata

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Viola sagittata

 

COMMON NAME:
Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet


         To see larger pictures, click or hover over the thumbnails.

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_viem_001_lvd

        

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu80679

March    Beaufort County    SC

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmvemarginata_sta2

March    Oconee County    SC

Oconee Station/Station Cove

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmvsagittata_sta5

March    Oconee County    SC

Oconee Station/Station Cove

Petals light to dark blue-violet. Lateral petals bearded, per Violaceae of the Southeastern US. Castanea (McKinney & Russell, 2002).

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

Patrick D. McMillan    pdmvsagittata_sta7

March    Oconee County    SC

Oconee Station/Station Cove

Basal teeth few, well-developed, very coarse to lobe-like, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

JK Marlow    jkm060429_149

April    Clay County    NC

Nantahala National Forest: Tusquitee Ranger District

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

JK Marlow    jkm130407_031

April    Columbia County    GA

Leaves during chasmogamous flower undivided or w small basal teeth or lobes, per Violets (Violaceae) of the Great Plains and Eastern North America.

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

JK Marlow    jkm210406_9219

April    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

JK Marlow    jkm210406_9223

April    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

JK Marlow    jkm210406_9233

April    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

Stipules free, irregularly glandular-fimbriate, per Violets (Violaceae) of the Great Plains and Eastern North America.

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

JK Marlow    jkm210408_9325

April    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

JK Marlow    jkm210408_9331

April    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

Calyx glabrous, eciliate, per Violets (Violaceae) of the Great Plains and Eastern North America.

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

JK Marlow    jkm210408_9335

April    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

JK Marlow    jkm210408_9354

April    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu32564

May    Prince George's County    MD

Petioles equal or longer than blades, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

JK Marlow    jkm210507_0153

May    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

Blade outline narrowly ovate-triangular, much longer than wide, per Weakley's Flora.

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

JK Marlow    jkm220510_7738

May    Greenville County    SC

Bald Rock Heritage Preserve

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

JK Marlow    jkm220510_7741

May    Greenville County    SC

Bald Rock Heritage Preserve

Auricles mostly prominent and entire, elongating to 3mm in fruit, per Violets (Violaceae) of the Great Plains and Eastern North America.

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

JK Marlow    jkm220510_7762

May    Greenville County    SC

Bald Rock Heritage Preserve

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

JK Marlow    jkm210603_1013

June    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

JK Marlow    jkm210603_1019

June    Greenville County    SC

Blackwell Heritage Preserve

image of Viola sagittata, Arrowleaf Violet, Arrowhead Violet

JK Marlow    jkm220607_8373

June    Greenville County    SC

Bald Rock Heritage Preserve

 

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (4/24/22):
Viola sagittata   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Viola sagittata var. sagittata   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH Viola (Ballard [in prep])
Viola sagittata var. sagittata

SYNONYMOUS WITH Flora of North America
Viola sagittata var. sagittata

SYNONYMOUS WITH Violaceae of the Southeastern US (McKinney & Russell, 2002)
Viola sagittata var. sagittata

INCLUDED WITHIN Manual of Vascular Plants of NE US & Adjacent Canada (Gleason & Cronquist,1991)
Viola sagittata

INCLUDING VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968) 130-02-010:
Viola emarginata var. emarginata   FAMILY Violaceae

INCLUDING Vascular Flora of the Carolinas (Radford, Ahles, & Bell, 1968)
Viola emarginata var. acutiloba

(?) Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Viola emarginata

SYNONYMOUS WITH Manual of the Southeastern Flora (Small, 1933, 1938)
Viola sagittata

 

Find by scientific name:

1659

Forb
Perennial

Native to the Carolinas & Georgia

Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Common (uncommon to rare south and west of SC Mountains)

Habitat: Dry to moist forests and woodlands, per Weakley's Flora

map
NEW! Click here to see a range map (and maybe identification notes) from Weakley's Flora of the Southeastern US.

Click here to see a map showing all occurrences known to SERNEC, a consortium of southeastern herbaria. (Zoom in to see more detail.)

LEAVES:
Simple
Plant acaulescent (without aerial stems)
Margins serrate (lower teeth usually enlarged)
Leaf blade glabrous or glabrate

FLOWER:
Spring
Blue-violet
Bilaterally symmetrical
Spurred and lateral petals bearded
5 sepals
5 petals
5 stamens

FRUIT:
Spring
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



 


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