Native & Naturalized Plants of the Carolinas & Georgia


1663

Forb
Winter annual

Non-native: Europe
Documented growing wild in GA NC SC

Uncommon

Look for it in lawns, garden borders, railroad rights-of-way. Commonly cultivated, per Weakley's Flora

map
To see a detailed map, click here

 

full sun

LEAVES:
Simple
Plant caulescent (with an obvious, leafy, above-ground stem). Leaves alternate
Leaves glabrous

FLOWER:
Spring/Summer
Dark blue-violet & yellow
Bilaterally symmetrical
Lateral petals bearded
5 sepals
5 petals
5 stamens

FRUIT:
Spring/Summer
Capsule

 

TO LEARN MORE about this plant, look it up in a good book!



Spermatophytes (seed plants): Angiosperms (flowering plants): Eudicots: Core Eudicots: Rosids: Fabids: Malpighiales

WEAKLEY'S FLORA (11/30/12):
Viola tricolor   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH PLANTS NATIONAL DATABASE:
Viola tricolor   FAMILY Violaceae

SYNONYMOUS WITH VASCULAR FLORA OF THE CAROLINAS (1968) 130-02-026:
Viola tricolor   FAMILY Violaceae

 

COMMON NAME:
Johnny-jump-up


Click or hover over the thumbnails to see larger pictures.

image of Viola tricolor

USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913    pnd_vitr_001_lvd

        

image of Viola tricolor

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu36648

April    Pickens County    SC

image of Viola tricolor

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu36648b

April    Pickens County    SC

Leaves with large crenate teeth, stipules large & foliaceous, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.

image of Viola tricolor

Herbarium of Clemson University    h_cu36648c

April    Pickens County    SC

Upper 2 petals violet or yellow with some purple; sepals shorter than petals, per Vascular Flora of the Carolinas.